Reading for Understanding Three #61B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In the 1300s Edward II of England established by law the length of an inch. The inch, according to that law, was equal to three grains of barley laid end to end. Each inch, therefore, could be divided into three parts, called
  2. Your answer:

  3. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times; it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness; it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity; it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness; it was the spring of hope, it was
  4. Your answer:
    the autumn of rich harvest.
    all confusion.
    the excitement of living.
    the winter of despair.

  5. Nothing is more certain than that the virtual blotting out of the minority is not necessary or natural consequence of freedom, and that, far from having any connection with democracy, it is diametrically opposed to the first principle of democracy -- representation in proportion to numbers. It is an essential part of democracy that minorities should be
  6. Your answer:
    as small as possible.
    adequately represented.
    deprived of power.
    as strong as the majority.

  7. Even though each hope is followed by disappointment, people still trust that a legislative act will produce any desired end. Nowhere is people's unshakable optimism better demonstrated. The disillusioned continue to chant, "Have no faith in legislation," but the faith in legislation seems
  8. Your answer:
    greatly decreased.
    scarcely diminished.

  9. On the whole, there is a marked contrast between chemically and nervously determined functions. Chemical regulation--as from the ductless glands--tends to be rigid and determinate. Nervous regulation, on the other hand, has tended toward flexibility, modifiability, choice of several courses of action. Mammals, especially humans, have achieved extraordinary adaptability to wide ranges of environmental changes largely through the greater flexibility and range of response of their
  10. Your answer:
    ductless glands.
    nervous systems.
    environmental changes.

  11. Rainfall varies in the United States from an average of 130.04 centimeters per year in South Atlantic states to 26.16 centimeters a year in the driest areas of the Southwest. Some communities have an almost constant shortage of water, and many others suffer from occasional drought. In fact, a United States geological survey showed that in one year over a thousand communities in forty-seven states
  12. Your answer:
    wasted water.
    restricted water use.
    kept no records.
    had floods.

  13. Market weeks are trading periods observed by tribes that have developed a regular trade. A market week may be from two to ten days long, varying in length among the different groups. During this period, trade and commerce take place at a particular location. Market weeks are somewhat misleading in name because not all of them are
  14. Your answer:
    variable in length.
    days for trading.
    seven days long.
    organized markets.

  15. The "golden mean" of Aristotle is the advocacy of following the intermediate path between any two extremes in order to ensure maximum virtue and happiness. In its extension to state structure, the doctrine suggests the maintenance of a large
  16. Your answer:
    standing army.
    treasury stockpile.
    integrated society.
    middle-class citizenry.

  17. The story is told that long ago in the animal kingdom every mother animal was trying to outdo the others by bragging about the number of babies she had. Finally, they all turned to the lioness who had only listened while they talked. She seemed unimpressed by all their bragging, so they asked her, "And how many babies did you give birth to?" "One," said the lioness proudly. "But that one is a lion!" She believed that
  18. Your answer:
    quantity is better than quality.
    if one is good, two are better.
    quality is better than quantity.
    she had nothing to be proud of.

  19. Savage as have been the passions commonly causing war, and great as have been its horrors, it has, throughout the past, achieved certain immense benefits. But, though along with detestation of the cruelties and bloodshed and brutalization accompanying war, we must recognize these great incidental benefits bequeathed by it heretofore, many believe that hence forth there can arise no such ultimate good to be set against war's
  20. Your answer:
    lessened brutality.
    guarantee of permanent peace.
    enormous evils.
    compensating advantages.

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