Reading for Understanding Three #60C

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Products that come from the oleoresin of the pine tree are called naval stores. The name dates back to colonial days in the United States when pine tar and pitch commonly were used for
  2. Your answer:
    filling cracks between logs in log cabins.
    making watertight buckets and other containers.
    calking seams on wooden sailing vessels.
    making turpentine to use as paint thinner.

  3. Science may be regarded either from a static or from a dynamic point of view. Considered statistically, science is a body of knowledge descriptive of the universe and regarded as explanatory, whereas to anyone with a dynamic orientation science implies continuous activity, with today's state of knowledge
  4. Your answer:
    as a basis for further explorations.
    not incorporated in txtbooks.
    an adequate description of life.

  5. The smaller the circle that forms our environment and the more limited the relationships that have a possibility of transcending the boundaries, the more anxiously the narrow community watches over the deeds, conduct of life, and attitudes of the individual and the more an independent individual is
  6. Your answer:
    a leader of the group.
    unnoticed by the community.
    acceptable to a group.
    disapproved by a group.

  7. "That I should lay down my charge at a proper period is as much a duty as to have borne it faithfully. If some termination to the services of the chief magistrate be not fixed by the Constitution, or supplied by practice, the office, nominally for years, will, in fact, become for life; and history shows easily that degenerates into an inheritance... I should unwillingly be the person, who...should furnish the first example of prolongation beyond the second term." Thomas Jefferson believed that the president's tenure should be
  8. Your answer:

  9. It is to our advantage to learn to perform involuntarily as many acts of our daily lives as possible so that our minds may be occupied with more important matters. None are more wretched than those for whom the time of each meal and the performance of each trivial action are matters of conscious study. Their only habit is
  10. Your answer:

  11. Temporarily abandon studying when you have acquired as much knowledge as you can momentarily absorb. Give your new learning time to settle before you return to your books. A student who does not know when to stop becomes as heavy and dull from undigested knowledge as a glutton is from physical
  12. Your answer:

  13. Many poems about the joys of combat were written in the Middle Ages. Wealthy knights spent a great deal of time in preparing for battles and in actual fighting. The hero in one ancient story said, "If I were stepping forward with one foot in paradise and the other still in my castle and someone sounded the call to battle, I would step back again." To him fighting was more to look forward to than
  14. Your answer:

  15. The blue jay makes its meals of eggs and young birds. This brightly hued bird flies through the air, shrieking what sounds like "Thief, thief." As Uncle Remus says in his homespun way, "Jay-bird don't rob his own nest." The blue jay's robber cry serves to
  16. Your answer:
    warn other birds.
    alert bird-watchers.
    stop thieves.
    protect its nest.

  17. Appearances to the mind are of four kinds. Things either are what they appear to be; or they neither are, nor appear to be; or they are, and do not appear to be; or
  18. Your answer:
    they are not, and do not appear to be.
    our perception of the real is inaccurate.
    the wise person can distinguish.
    they are not, and yet appear to be.

  19. Our system of numeration is based on the number ten and is called the decimal system (in Latin decem means "ten"). It is believed that early humans adopted this system because they learned to count on their fingers -- ten fingers. Mathematicians use many other number systems, one of which is the octonary system (from the Latin word octo meaning "eight"). Although the octonary system has several advantages that are obvious to the mathematician, it has never come into common use. One mathematician has commented that it is unfortunate that when humans began to count on their fingers they included
  20. Your answer:
    both hands.
    only four fingers.
    the toes.
    their thumbs.

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