Reading For Understanding Three #57A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. According to certain critics, Charles Dickens lacks distinction, and the writing of his novels was a commonplace achievement. This judgement seems to me to arise from a confusion of thought. The perception of the obvious is a commonplace achievement; the creation of the obvious, and making it interesting,
  2. Your answer:
    can be done by anyone.
    is not distinctive.
    can be achieved.
    is the work of a genius.

  3. Elephants do not breed readily in captivity. The young are delicate and hard to raise. A baby elephant matures slowly and eats large quantities of food. Mature elephants are not difficult to train. For all these reasons, zookeepers prefer to acquire elephants
  4. Your answer:
    that are bred by native hunters.
    that have no parents.
    before they are mature.
    that are born in the wildnerness.

  5. It takes a mature mind to see two sides of an issue, to be able to change one's mind on a serious issue. Youth thinks literally and holds firmly to its opinions. Children's perceptions of objects, ideas, and persons are
  6. Your answer:
    in need of change.
    hard to understand.

  7. Slanderous accusations, although unproved, can surely and permanently damage a person's reputation. The marketplace is morbidly credulous. It is not at all necessary that public defamations of character be true to be terrifyingly effective; it is necessary only that the
  8. Your answer:
    slander be capable of proof.
    defamations be made.
    accused be an unreliable gossip.
    friends of the accused be of ill repute.

  9. A government by discussion breaks down the yoke of fixed custom. The mere putting up of a subject to discussion, with the object of being guided by that discussion, is a clear admission that the subject is in no degree settled by established rule. It is an admission that there is no inviolate authority. Once you effectually submit a subject to the ordeal of discussion, you can never withdraw it again; you can never again clothe it in mystery; it remains forever open to
  10. Your answer:
    complete acceptance.
    irresponsible government.
    free choice.
    sacred authority.

  11. Advice is like snow; the softer advice falls, the longer it dwells upon and the deeper it sinks into the
  12. Your answer:

  13. Youth is extravagant in its goals; middle age is practical. The youth gets together the materials to build a bridge to the moon or perchance a palace or temple on the earth, and, at length, in middle age, concludes to build with them a
  14. Your answer:

  15. As a last resort to stop severe bleeding, those administering first aid are advised to apply a tourniquet. Formerly, they were instructed to release the tourniquet periodically to ensure prevention of gangrene. Now, some doctors feel that this has been a mistake and that the tourniquet should not be loosened. Loosening it may result in a greater danger than gangrene--the
  16. Your answer:
    stoppage of the blood supply.
    inexperience of the workers.
    setting in of infection.
    recurrence of bleeding.

  17. In biblical times, taking interest for the use of money was considered to be usury and was forbidden. This prohibition probably resulted when a lender sometimes charged the borrower too much. Now, many governments set the allowable interest rates on various kinds of loans, and charging interest is recognized as
  18. Your answer:

  19. The hippos in a national park in Uganda have increased to about three times the number the land can support. A hippo eats about eleven kilograms of grass a night, and the hippos are ruining the park that was set up as a refuge for them. Park directors have decided that about one thousand hippos a year must be removed. In this way, both the park and the hippo population will be
  20. Your answer:

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