Reading for Understanding Three #56C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The speaker said, "No one can fail to hear in the eloquence of our ambassador the sad, still voice of humanity. No one can doubt her compassion and her concern, not only for the fate of the citizens of her own country, but for the fate of all
  2. Your answer:

  3. A person who works hard every day to scrape together a living has no time to puzzle over bothersome philosophical questions. It is only when material security permits us plenty of time for thought that we may find ourselves forcing a hurried pace to avoid thinking about
  4. Your answer:
    the source of our next meal.
    an enjoyable program of recreation.
    the significance of our existence.
    a method of becoming even wealthier.

  5. The discoveries and inventions of a few thousand individuals are responsible for the Industrial Revolution. Without the work of such brilliant innovators, the modern methods of production would not be very much different from those of the eighteenth century. The characterisitics of a given age are reflected in the
  6. Your answer:
    faces of the people.
    social reforms.
    respect for tradition.
    achievements of its geniuses.

  7. Because every person in an Eskimo village performs some duty that is essential to the survival of the group, the Eskimos cannot risk endangering the life or physical condition of anyone. Therefore, when two Eskimos become angry with each other, they settle their disputes by
  8. Your answer:
    a duel with knives.
    banishing the offender.
    calling each other names.
    a fistfight.

  9. The Dutch West India Company devised a plan called the patroon system to colonize New Netherland, the Dutch colony in North America. Under this plan, a member of the company, called a patroon or landowner, would pay the expenses of bringing families to the New World. The families would work on the patroon's estate in New Netherland in order to repay the landowner. The system failed because the freedom-loving Dutch immigrants would not agree to the
  10. Your answer:
    dangerous voyage.
    idea of liberty.
    settlement of America.
    conditions of servitude.

  11. Regardless of size of their population, underdeveloped nations are rarely powerful, for crude human resources are of slight military significance. These nations are the victims rather than the makers of power-politics history. Lack of both industrial development and natural resources is a source of military
  12. Your answer:

  13. In 1762 the English writer Oliver Goldsmith put these words into the mouth of the Vicar of Wakefield: "It has been a thousand times observed, and I must observe it once more, that the hours we pass with happy prospects in view are more pleasing than those crowned with fruition. In the first case, we cook the dish to our own appetite; in the latter, nature cooks it for us." Expectation is often better than
  14. Your answer:

  15. Clear and honest dealing is the nobility of human nature; and that mixture of falsehood is like alloy in coin of gold and silver, which may make the metal work the better, but which
  16. Your answer:
    lightens it.
    masks it.
    softens it.
    debases it.

  17. The natural consequences of security and affluence in any country is a love of pleasure; when the wants of nature are supplied, we seek after the conveniences; when possessed of these, we desire the luxuries of life; and, when the luxury is provided, it is then ambition takes us up, and leaves us
  18. Your answer:
    satisfied with our lives.
    still something to wish for.
    in the lap of luxury.
    with the consequences of insecurity.

  19. At one time, it was not worth the cost to transport and process junk cars to recycle the steel in them into new steel. A new electric furnace now can profitably produce new steel from scrap. This furnace is smaller and uses less energy than conventional smelting furnaces. It not only reduces the cost of processing by using less energy, but by being small enough to be located close to the sources of junk cars, it reduces the cost of
  20. Your answer:
    electric power.
    junk cars.
    mining ores.
    transporting them.

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