Reading for Understanding Three #56B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. We had to acknowledge that she was still at the peak of her maturity, although she had been at precisely that point for as long as we could remember. Old age seemed as alien to her personality as callow youth. There was about her
  2. Your answer:
    an apparent change with time.
    an inexplicable perpetuity.
    a quality of old age.
    a childish frivolity.

  3. The Roman Empire was destroyed not by its political rulers nor by the superiority of its opponent armies. There is no single group within Rome that can be isolated and blamed for the fall of Rome. Historical causation is never simple. Rome fell because of developments that had
  4. Your answer:
    accumulated over time.
    occurred in its army.
    come from without.
    affected the working classes primarily.

  5. The book of II Samuel in the Old Testament tells the story of Absalom, third and best-loved son of King David of Israel. Absalom led a rebellion against his father. The king's soldiers went out in large numbers and defeated Absalom's army. The king had given orders to his men to "deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom." The king's soldiers did not follow his instructions but killed Absalom. The people could not understand David's great grief, for Absalom had really been his father's
  6. Your answer:
    best-loved son

  7. There are those who bravely rush into action without knowing the risks involved. Their bravery often turns to fear when they meet the consequences of their acts, since their courage was supported only by their
  8. Your answer:

  9. Robert Koch, a German physician, discovered in 1867 the cause of anthrax, a disease that kills cattle and sheep. His discovery was made after he carefully studied the blood of hundreds of diseased animals and of healthy animals. The blood of the diseased animals always contained odd sticklike bodies, some short and some in long chains, but such bodies were never found in the blood of healthy animals. After further extensive research, Dr. Koch developed a pure strain of anthrax bacillus and inoculated against the disease. He correctly concluded that the sticklike bodies were
  10. Your answer:

  11. The same person who acknowledges indifference to music, science, history, and literature may pretend warm enthusiasm for the paintings of the old masters. This sort of hypocrisy stems from the widespread timidity that prevents some of us from saying what we think for fear that our announced opinion may brand us as deviates. Group authority suppresses
  12. Your answer:
    similarity of judgement.
    popular opinion.
    honest expression.
    lip homage.

  13. Most of the world's coal was formed millions of years ago. The conservation of this coal is a major problem today because miners are taking the best coal from the earth. Future generations may be left with
  14. Your answer:
    new sources.
    inferior grades.

  15. In ages when there were no books, when nobles and princes themselves could not read, history or tradition was monopolized by storytellers who inherited, generation after generation, the wondrous tales of their predecessors. The next generation of storytellers added new information and exaggerated the tales with imagination until the facts were confused with fiction. This embroidery turned
  16. Your answer:
    history into legend.
    tradition into history.
    people against history.
    storytellers into historians.

  17. The Sargasso Sea, a large area of comparatively deep water in the Atlantic Ocean, is identifiable by the seaweed floating on the surface. Sailors use this means of indentification to know when they are sailing into or out of the Sargasso. They cannot determine their latitude and longitude by the Sargasso, except for purposes of approximation, because the
  18. Your answer:
    area is much to large.
    seaweed shifts with the currents.
    boundaries are groups of islands.
    entire sea has not been explored.

  19. When De Witt Clinton, governor of the state of New York, planned and carried out the building of the Erie Canal from Buffalo on Lake Erie to Troy on the Hudson River, he had many opponents who thought the canal was foolish. Its almost immediate success set off the building of other canals. When the Erie Canal was opened in 1825, Governor Clinton dramatized the importance of a water-way connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean by pouring a pitcher of water from Lake Erie into
  20. Your answer:
    the Erie Canal.
    the Hudson River.
    Lake Ontario.
    the St. Lawrence Seaway.

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