Reading for Understanding Three #56A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In arranging a vegetable garden, it is best to plant such tall-growing plants as climbing beans and sweet corn at the west side of lower-growing plants. Consequently, the lower plants will have the advantage of the
  2. Your answer:
    morning sun.
    afternoon sun.
    west wind.
    richer soil.

  3. At the site of the ancient city of Babylon, European scholars have excavated the remains of a schoolhouse. On the floor of the building were the remnants of clay tablets on which the children practiced writing more than four thousand years ago. A proverb of the ancients says, "Those who shall excel in tablet writing shall shine like the sun." These people had great respect for
  4. Your answer:
    clay tablets.
    good writing.
    European scholars.

  5. We do not expect physical scientists to show that ions and atoms possess moral value; nor do we ask biologists to show that the plants and animals they study are useful. Before the inception of the scientific attitude, this was not so. The formations and movements of heavenly bodies were studied because it was believed that they
  6. Your answer:
    influenced the flow of tides.
    directly influenced human life.
    should be studied methodically.
    occured in regular patterns.

  7. Arguments are made both for and against price supports for farm products. One argument is that if farmers cannot be guaranteed a certain price, they will not produce as much food as the nation needs. Opponents argue that when farmers know they are going to get the support price, they will produce all they can, without regard for the country's needs--that price supports encourage
  8. Your answer:
    the welfare of all people.
    importation of food.
    production quotas.

  9. Social distinctions were scrupulously observed in the first two colleges founded in New England. This fact is surprising to those who believe that their New England forebears devoted themselves exclusively to the saving of their souls, for apparently these ancestors were concerned as well with
  10. Your answer:
    the founding of egalitarian movements.
    the saving of other people's souls.
    their prestige during life.
    the provision of adequate educational conditions.

  11. A famous author, summing up the amounts of pain and pleasure in human life and comparing the totals, concluded that the pains greatly exceed the pleasures. Thus, the author decided that human life is
  12. Your answer:
    a joy.
    a burden.
    too short.

  13. Unmanned instruments landed on the moon can gather much information that will throw light on scientific controversies. But instruments do not have brains and cannot ask the next question or get the answer to it. People can make on-the-spot judgements and can discriminate and select from alternatives that
  14. Your answer:
    are restricted in location.
    they cannot observe.
    interest only the scientists.
    have not been anticipated.

  15. Medicine, mathematics, and natural science were fields of study not truly concerned with fact during the Middle Ages. Scholars of this period were so respectful of book knowledge that they refused to correct even the most obvious faults in the ancient texts in their fields. Even when their own observations clearly proved the old texts to be incorrect, they believed and upheld
  16. Your answer:
    the truth.
    the old texts.
    what was correct.
    their own observations.

  17. People who grow up in a certain section of the country where the people speak with an accent seldom completely lose their accent, even when they move to another part of the country. Most immigrants who do not learn English very early in life speak with a recognizable accent all their lives. Children more easily learn to speak a foreign language
  18. Your answer:
    at home.
    without accent.
    in public.
    at school.

  19. The contrast between the two contemporary scholars was remarkably striking. One, a poet, was gifted with glowing imagination; the other, a geometrician, with cool and sober judgement. The one was swollen with vainglory and self-esteem; the other, completely lost in work. The one was all flowers and flourishes of expression; the other, a model of language unadorned. The one was malleable and versatile as to seem positively liquid; the other, so rigidly consistent as at times to appear grotesque. What was a virtue for one was apparently
  20. Your answer:
    the same for the other.
    supported by the other.
    a vice for the other.

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