Reading For Understanding Three #51B

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The Muslims are devout people. They say their prayers several times a day, always facing toward Mecca. Every Muslim would like to make a hajj, the Arabic name for a pilgrimage to Mecca. A Muslim who has been to Mecca is highly esteemed by other Muslims and is called a
  2. Your answer:

  3. The importance of a cataract, or waterfall, is indicated by its height, volume of flow, steadiness or variability of flow, width of crest, and by whether the water drops sheerly or over a sloping surface in a single leap or in a succession of leaps.
  4. Your answer:
    Low dams are useless.
    Height is not the only factor.
    Power plants depend upon volume of falls only.
    Height is the most important factor.

  5. Every community has its share of those persons who consider every group project a fair target for caustic criticism. Since they have few constructive concerns of their own, they dissipate such energy as they do possess in
  6. Your answer:
    working to improve their lot.
    doing things to benefit others.
    opposing what others are doing.
    scraping together a bare livelihood.

  7. People of diverse and even inimical religions can and do collaborate in political, economic, and social fields. Yet efforts to unite various sects have proved so difficult a task that it may be that, of all the differences which separate people, one of the last to be resolved will be
  8. Your answer:

  9. The settlements in the country that was later called Hellas were not stable in ancient times. The people readily left their homes whenever they were overpowered by numbers. The several tribes cultivated their own soil just enough to obtain a maintenance. But they had no accumulation of wealth and did not plant the ground; for, being without walls, they were never sure that an invader might not come and despoil them. Living in this manner and knowing that they could obtain a bare subsistence anywhere, they were always ready to
  10. Your answer:
    make peace.
    wage war.

  11. Thoth was the ancient Egyptian scribe of the gods, as well as the inventor of numbers. The Egyptians thought he had magical powers of healing, and so he was the patron of
  12. Your answer:
    religious people.
    the tribe.

  13. The total volume of long-distance trade during the Middle Ages was relatively small. Most areas where people lived were self-sufficient in the matter of the necessities of life. Transport was expensive and slow, whether by land or by sea. Goods that were carried in international trade were, for the most part,
  14. Your answer:
    luxury items.
    cotton cloth.
    Oriental imports.

  15. Ancient Assyria had a four-class society: rulers, or patricians; craftspersons, or professional people; common people; and slaves. As the country expanded, there were not enough people in the hereditary ruling class to take care of all the governmental tasks. Important and successful professional people were elevated by the king to ruling positions. They, along with their families, were then
  16. Your answer:

  17. Those who read Greek generally complete their sampling of Greek literature by the time they are twenty-five. Then they become so busy that they do not find time for such reading again until retirement. By this time, their reading knowledge of the language is lost. Hence, most opinions about original Greek literature are formed by persons who are
  18. Your answer:

  19. The story of Vasco de Gama, the Portuguese explorer who first sailed around the southern tip of Africa to reach India, has many parallels with the story of the explorer Christopher Columbus, who sailed to America. Da Gama landed on the western coast of India in 1498 and thus set up an all-water trade route to the riches of the Orient. His journey had been hard, and the sailors had mutinied. Just as Columbus had opened a way to riches in the Western Hemisphere, Da Game had made his country prosperous through trade with the
  20. Your answer:
    Gold Coast.
    New World.

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