Reading for Understanding Three #50C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. A community may be as small as a family or as large as the human race. Each small community is a part of a larger community and each large community is made up of smaller communities. The single important element in determining a community is
  2. Your answer:

  3. Research carried out during World War II showed that soldiers can be trained to withstand hard work and long marches in the desert so long as they get adequate drinking water. Workers in the Sahara are given an allowance of eight liters of water per day per person just for cooking and drinking. Those who are not doing hard work require less water, but people in the desert who do not have the amount of water they need cannot
  4. Your answer:

  5. Muhammad (A.D. 570-632) was the prophet and founder of Islam. He taught that there is but one God--Allah. The Islamites are sometimes referred to by non-Islamites as Muhammadans, but Islamites do not call themselves Muhammadans because they do not worship
  6. Your answer:

  7. Many houses have windows made of two panes of glass with a dry-air space between the panes. The air space is a very poor conductor of heat, and the entire window, therefore, acts as an insulator. In the winter these windows are especially valuable because they
  8. Your answer:
    save fuel costs.
    are transparent.
    are unbreakable.
    filter cold air.

  9. Specialized farming, in which vast areas are planted with one crop, encourages the increase of insects that thrive on that particular crop. Since the enemies of these insects do not increase in the same ratio, the insects become pests. Thus, insects become pests mainly as a result of
  10. Your answer:
    the ineffectiveness of insecticides.
    humans who upset the balance of nature.
    the adoption of diversified farming.
    the world's need for surplus crops.

  11. During the Thinite dynasties of Egypt (2778-300 B.C.), it was customary to bury luxuries and comforts with dead kings. Unguent and toilet articles were included in these luxuries. The opening of the tomb of Tutankhamen, who ruled about 1350 B.C., brought to light many excellent specimens of the art of the cosmeticians. Witnesses said that the unguent vases, beautifully made from alabaster, contained aromatics that were still
  12. Your answer:

  13. Where the contour of the land is flat and the soil is fertile, the population tends to spread evenly over the area. In a region of rugged mountains and deep valleys, however, the population is naturally concentrated in the areas that are most accessible and easiest to cultivate. In Iowa, a state of fertile plains, the population is
  14. Your answer:
    rather sparse.
    heavy in the valleys.
    evenly distributed.
    concentrated in cities.

  15. The game of chess has been programmed for a computer. The machine has been able to play when its researcher calls a better-than-average game. The purpose of researchers in programming a machine to play a game of chess was not to supply us with machine chess players but rather to investigate the human problem-solving process and to find new ways in which to use
  16. Your answer:

  17. Eagles, as ten-dollar gold pieces were commonly called, were valuable U.S. coins for many years. These coins were minted from 1795 until 1934. When eagles were first coined, they were more valuable in Europe than in the United States. Consequently, many of these gold coins were
  18. Your answer:
    dispensed locally.
    lacking in value.
    spent in Europe.
    discontinued early.

  19. For many years the purpose of prison sentences and other forms of punishment was to make criminals pay for their misdeeds through their own suffering. Nowadays the purposes of punishment are threefold: (1)to protect society, (2) to deter possible criminals, and (3) to reform criminals. Modern prison officials are not supposesd to
  20. Your answer:
    enforce rules.
    recommend pardons.
    allow any privileges.
    torture criminals.

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