Reading for Understanding Three #4A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. About 80 percent of the work of building a ship is done on land before the ship is put into water. When the vessel is christened, it is launched and towed to a wet basin, where the finishing is done and where the vessel undergoes a builder's tests. Then the ship makes a trial run. If it returns with a broom tied to the mast, it has passed the tests, or, in other words,
  2. Your answer:
    broken a record.
    brought a new broom.
    made a clean sweep of the tests.
    had its deck scrubbed.

  3. The ermine is a small weasel that lives in very cold climates. The fur of the ermine is brown in summer and turns white in very cold winter. The ermine is hard to catch, and its trappers must work in extreme cold. A large pelt is only about thirty centimeters long, and it takes many pelts to make an ermine coat. For these reasons, ermine wraps are
  4. Your answer:

  5. A great seaport must have fine moorings at which large seagoing ships can dock and unload their cargoes. It must also have good transport facilities to the interior, so that the products brought by the ships can reach the inland market, and the products produced inland can be brought to the ships for transport to foreign markets. In this way, seaports play an important part in
  6. Your answer:
    holiday travel.
    foreign study.
    international trade.
    the finishing industry.

  7. Early to bed and early to rise,

    Makes one healthy, wealthy, and wise.

    This is one of the most often quoted maxims. The idea is probably right, not because sleep in the late part of night is not as beneficial, but probably because most people do not sleep late enough in the morning to make up for sleep lost by
  8. Your answer:
    going to bed late.
    going to bed early.
    sleeping until noon.
    getting up early.

  9. The Erie Canal, completed in 1825, connected Buffalo, New York, with Albany, New York. The entire cost of more than seven million dollars was borne by the state of New York. During the first ten years the cost of shipping the goods from Buffalo to Albany dropped to one-fifth of what it had been. Between 1825 and 1882 a total of more than 121 million dollars in tolls was collected. The canal was a
  10. Your answer:
    recreation spot.
    help to railways.
    financial error.
    financial success.

  11. St. Valentine's Day, Febuarary 14, is the festival of a martyr beheaded by the Roman emperor Claudius. The association with lovers and the sending of valentines has nothing to do with the saint. The custom probably had its origin in an old belief that this was the date on which birds choose their
  12. Your answer:

  13. Coal formation began millions of years ago when giant plants died and formed a decayed vegetable matter called peat. The amount of peat increased as more plants died. Mud and sand covered the peat when large areas of earth sank below the ocean. Pressure and heat from water, sand, and mud caused the peat to form coal. The greater the depth of the earth above the peat, the greater the pressure on the peat and the harder the coal. Anthracite, the hardest grade of coal, usually lies in the coal beds that are
  14. Your answer:
    in greatest demand.
    easiest to mine.
    most plentiful.

  15. Cat's-eye is the name given to several minerals that, when cut with a convex surface, show a luminous band that resembles a cat's eye. An inexpensive form of these minerals was once used to make marbles, and children were proud of their cat's-eye shooters. A more expensive stone is often used for
  16. Your answer:

  17. During colonial days in the United States, John Peter Zenger printed newspaper stories that criticized the British governor of New York. For this act Zenger was jailed and brought to trial in 1735. Zenger's lawyer successfully argued that printing the truth could not be called a crime. Zenger's acquittal upheld British North American freedom of
  18. Your answer:
    trial by jury.
    the press.
    the law.

  19. Every district in a large region was so well regulated, it was as if the ruler were present personally to punish those who broke the law. The people's fear arose from the ruler's reputation for strict justice. Everyone knew that it was certain that those who did evil would be punished without fail and that neither pleas nor bribes could
  20. Your answer:
    increase it.
    administer it.
    prevent it.
    follow it.

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