Reading for Understanding Three #48B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. There are those that claim that self-flatterers are the most extravagant in their claims, but never did they claim for themselves as many virtues as lovers accredit to
  2. Your answer:
    the flatterers.
    their loved ones.

  3. In ancient Greece, Solon was a chief magistrate, or archon, of Athens. While in office, he instituted many reforms that helped the common people. He was responsible for new laws that cancelled mortgages and debts of the poor, placed a limitation on new landholdings, opened the legislative body to all, and outlawed enslavement of debtors for their debts. As a result, the influence of the aristocracy was reduced. Ever since, Solon has been known as
  4. Your answer:
    the first aristocrat.
    the first bureaucrat.
    the champion of democracy.
    a traitor to his class.

  5. For thousands of years, scholars have had an enduring curiosity about the universe and about the numerous forms of life on the earth, living and dead. This curiosity has been the motivation for great advances in the understanding of
  6. Your answer:
    human ideas.
    the world of nature.
    ancient societies.
    causes of war.

  7. People have always enjoyed looking at pictures. Art forms are often used to teach moral and patriotic lessons. The assumption is that valuable lessons can be taught while people are
  8. Your answer:
    learning patriotism.
    being entertained.
    doing their jobs.
    attending school.

  9. He wore a broad gold lace round the rim of his hat, he made his cloak glitter with laces still broader, he had set up his chariot and pair and constantly travelled in it from Taunton to Boston. This made the world stare; it was a novelty. Not another lawyer in the province, attorney or barrister, of whatever age, reputation, rank or station, presumed to ride in a coach or chariot. The discerning ones soon perceived that wealth and power must have charms to a heart that delighted in so much
  10. Your answer:

  11. Small soapstone seals found by archaeologists at the site of the ancient city of Mohenjo Daro in India are both an esthetic delight and a scholastic puzzle. The seals are beautifully carved with figures of animals from India, but the fine pictographic inscriptions they bear
  12. Your answer:
    cannot be deciphered.
    name their owners.
    are beautiful.
    were recently deciphered.

  13. The products of many of our country's workers affect other workers. One good day's work by a farmer results in days of employment for wholesalers and retailers, not to mention bankers, advertisers, and distributors. Actually, one might attribute, to some degree, the growth of our cities to the
  14. Your answer:
    shortage of rural homesites.
    increased productivity of farms.
    mobility of the farm work force.
    increasing need for companionship.

  15. People in high places are thrice servants--servants of the sovereign or state, servants of fame, and servants of business. They have no freedom, neither in their persons, nor in their actions, nor in their times. It is a strange desire to seek power and to lose liberty; or to seek power over others, and to
  16. Your answer:
    gain it.
    be ignorant of its use.
    use it unfairly.
    lose power over oneself.

  17. Mathematical physicists have developed techniques for studying such aeronautical problems as the relative effectiveness of various surfaces and shapes for movement through the air. The results of their studies can be seen in contemporary
  18. Your answer:
    aircraft design.
    aircraft costs.
    scientific problems.
    mathematics and physics.

  19. The fairness of exchange was formerly debated. One viewpoint was that in a fair trade the values of the goods changing hands were the same; hence, nothing could be lost or gained in the transaction. Another argument advanced was that the value of the goods could not possibly be identical; hence, someone was sure to be the loser in every transaction. These debates are discounted today, for it is commonly recognized that voluntary exchange is beneficial
  20. Your answer:
    to neither party of the exchange.
    to only one party of the exchange.
    only if one party does not gain.
    to both parties of the exchange.

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