Reading for Understanding Three #48A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. People of all ages, all conditions, and all dispositions in a democracy constantly form associations, committees, and organizations. In aristocratic countries, every wealthy or powerful person constitutes the head of a compulsory association made up of those who are dependent upon that person. In a democracy, no people can oblige their fellow citizens to lend assistance, and all must learn to associate for common purposes. Voluntary association is a necessary basis for
  2. Your answer:

  3. A philosopher once compared a philosophical idea to an area. He said that an area without boundaries is not an area at all; it is useless. Likewise, an idea must be defined to be
  4. Your answer:

  5. Some people, believing the present to be only an imagined point at which the future becomes the past, live passively in memories and dreams. They make no mark on the world, for to do so requires an active life that affirms
  6. Your answer:
    the present.
    all beliefs.
    their philosophy.

  7. We are but a straw in the universe, but, unlike the universe, we have the power of contemplation. If we were overcome by the universe, we would still be the nobler of the two, for we would be aware of our fate and realize the cause of it, while the universe would know nothing. Human nobility lies in
  8. Your answer:

  9. It is important for national societies and organizations to conduct their business according to certain rules and regulations. These rules of procedure are known as parliamentary law. Parliamentary law once referred to the rules of order of the English Parliament. Large and important bodies such as government ruling houses have their own rules of order. There are several well-known books on parliamentary law; since these authorities do not always agree, every organization should specify which of the rule books
  10. Your answer:
    it will follow.
    is the simplest.
    is not independent.
    needs interpretation.

  11. Memory is neither perception nor conception but a state of affection of one of these, conditioned by lapse of time. There is no such thing as memory of the present while present, for the present is the object only of perception and the future of the expectation, but the object of memory is
  12. Your answer:

  13. About five centuries ago, the population of the area that is now the United States and Canada was nearly one million. Dividing the number of square kilometers of available land by the number of persons shows that there was an average of twenty square kilometers per person. According to today's standards, there should have been plenty of room for all. A minimum of twenty-one to twenty-six square kilometers of hunting territory was required to support each person, and hunting was the main source of livelihood. These inhabitants thus faced the problem of
  14. Your answer:
    a lack of good hunters.
    Indian warfare.
    effective colonization.

  15. Latex is the name of the milky liquid that comes from rubber trees. Latex that is allowed to stand for a while will curdle into small lumps of rubber. The addition of ammonia to latex prevents curdling, so ammonia often is added before the latex is shipped from the rubber plantation to the factory. When rubber is needed at the factory, acid is added to the latex in order to
  16. Your answer:
    cause the ammonia to curdle.
    counteract the effect of the ammonia.
    restore the latex to liquid form.
    prevent the latex from becoming lumpy.

  17. As soon as people do anything remarkable, they are feasted, feted, caressed; their time is stolen from them by breakfasts, dinners, societies, and idle businesses of a thousand kinds. There seems to be a general conspiracy to prevent them from
  18. Your answer:
    wasting time.
    becoming known.
    continuing their productivity.
    being popular.

  19. A cubit is a unit of measurement used by several early peoples. It is the distance from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow. The height of horses is measured in hands, a hand being the width of the hand. The span, another unit of length, is the distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger when extended. We often use the expressions an arm's length, a hair's breadth, or a head taller. Many of our names for measurements were taken from
  20. Your answer:
    ancient history.
    the metric system.
    human anatomy.
    English measures.

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