Reading for Understanding Three #47B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. To achieve its ends, and principally to satisfy the necessities of existence, every living thing is obliged to do a certain amount of work. The seed has to toil to raise the hardened crust of the earth. The oyster opens and closes its shell in order to take in nourishment. The spider spins its web, the fox and the wolf toil while they hunt their prey. Humans are not exempt from this universal law. Xenophon said,
  2. Your answer:
    "Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die."
    "The gods sell us good things at the price of our toil."
    "Consider the lilies of the field; they toil not, neither do they spin."
    "Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth."

  3. The surface waters of the Arctic Ocean hold the smallest amount of dissolved salts because melting ice causes dilution; conversely, in the tropics, where great evaporation occurs, the salinity of the ocean's surface water is
  4. Your answer:

  5. During the Revolutionary War in what is now the United States, those colonies that were unaccustomed to cooperating with nearby colonies found it difficult to relinquish to the new national government the authority necessary for its successful operation. It is not surprising that the initial revolutionary government was
  6. Your answer:
    weak and decentralized.
    able to win the war.
    abolished as unnecessary.

  7. It is my belief that one of the best ways to develop the faculty of accurate observation and reproduction is through a rigorous course in the drawing of figures, lines, and planes. In no other subject does one find such a ready test of error. The kind of drawing of which I speak is not artistic but
  8. Your answer:

  9. For several thousand years, people have travelled over the oceans, in many kinds of boats, to explore new lands. They have known that the deep seas contained animal and plant life about which they would have liked to learn more, but their need for oxygen kept them from exploring the depths of the oceans. In recent years, there have been inventions that have allowed divers to go down as far as eleven thousand meters to observe the bottom of the ocean, to see and to photograph plants and animals that they had not known. The result is that scientific knowledge is increased and
  10. Your answer:
    important sources of wealth are discovered.
    our curiosity in a new area is becoming satisfied.
    the risks of the explorers are tremendous.
    we must now move into space.

  11. It is our own fault if politics is corrupt. The power of public opinion could wipe out graft if we were not too apathetic to
  12. Your answer:
    share the spoils.
    object to corruption.
    hold office.
    approve of dishonesty.

  13. Eucalyptus trees are giant trees native to Australia and California. The tough, durable wood of the eucalyptus resists decay caused by water. For this reason, the wood of the eucalyptus is especially useful in the construction of
  14. Your answer:

  15. Saffron, a yellow substance obtained by grinding the dried stamens of a particular species of crocus, was once widely used as a dye, as a medicine, and as a seasoning in food. The development of chemical dyes has replaced the use of saffron as a dye, but it is still used in cooking and occasionally in
  16. Your answer:

  17. The spines, or thorns, on a cactus protect the plant by screening it from the searing desert sun and by retaining enough of the heat to keep the cactus warm during the often freezing desert nights. The thorny dress provides the cactus with an insulation that is
  18. Your answer:

  19. In profound support of a permanent union, George Washington, in his Farewell Address, stated, "The basis of our political systems is the right of the people to make and to alter their Constitutions of Government. But the Constitution which at any time exists, till changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all. The very idea of the power and the right of the people to establish Government presupposes the duty of every individual to
  20. Your answer:
    obey the established Government."
    support political parties."
    distribute government power."
    change the established Government."

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