Reading for Understanding Three #46A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. We often hear the expression that something is as heavy as lead. Actually, lead is not as heavy as gold or platinum, but we probably say "as heavy as lead" because lead is cheaper than gold and therefore
  2. Your answer:
    its cost offsets its lack of weight.
    we cannot buy lead in large amounts.
    more people have had experience with it.
    it is a much more desirable substance.

  3. Since we do not have enough "new" water for our uses, water recycling is becoming increasingly widespread. So far, we have been able to take almost any "used" water and make it safe, even for drinking. As more complex contaminants are used, the methods of removing them become more difficult, more expensive, and less
  4. Your answer:

  5. One generation often finds itself trying to protect its law so that the next generation cannot change the laws. Youth often thinks the previous generation resists change, and the older generation sometimes criticizes youth as being too
  6. Your answer:

  7. Factory workers who are satisfied with their salaries and working conditions may be unhappy in their jobs if their work is a monotonous routine. They may easily tire of doing one specialized task and wish that they could learn more about the overall production process in their factory. A modern progressive industry could make these workers more satisfied with their jobs if it would provide
  8. Your answer:
    varied responsibilities.
    more specialization.
    shorter working hours.
    higher salaries.

  9. The book of nature is like a page written over or printed upon with different-sized characters and in many different languages, interlined and crosslined, and with a great variety of marginal notes and references. There is coarse print and fine print; there are obscure signs and hieroglyphics. We all read the large type more or less appreciatively, but only the students and lovers of nature read
  10. Your answer:
    nature books in different languages.
    books about the lives of naturalists.
    nature books.
    the fine lines and the footnotes.

  11. At least one-third of the plant food in the world today is produced from plants that were first domesticated by North or South American Indians. You probably think immediately of maize, which the Indians taught the early settlers of North America to use. You may not remember that the potato was widely raised by Indians in the Andean Highlands of South America in pre-Columbian times and was introduced to Europe about 1570 by the
  12. Your answer:
    Irish settlers in New England.
    North American Indians of Canada.
    Spanish conquerors and settlers in Mexico.
    Spanish explorers of South America.

  13. In the experience of those of us who were living then, the transition from the nineteenth to the twentieth century was evident, not at the formal century mark, but upon the exact date August 1, 1914. Any description which depicts the eras before and after that date as continuous may be affirmed to have little relation to
  14. Your answer:
    modern historical interpretation.
    good writing.
    the war.
    prewar days.

  15. There are numerous layers of exposed rock in the Grand Canyon. Within these layers, we can discover the fossils of plants and animals that at some time must have lived in the ocean. From such information, we can surmise that at one time the region around the Grand Canyon was
  16. Your answer:
    a vast crater.
    above sea level.
    an ocean floor.
    a wild forest.

  17. The United States Constitution defines treason clearly as follows: "Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort." This definition allows citizens to criticize the government in reasonable ways and to work freely for the election of a new government. Such acts would not be
  18. Your answer:

  19. Journals, diaries, ledgers, and notebooks are all simple tools that often become precious documents. They record our life from the footprints on our birth certificates to our final days. They chart business cycles and chronicle human learning. Today's complex society demands this indispensable routine of continuous and accurate
  20. Your answer:
    record keeping.

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