Reading for Understanding Three #44C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The poet Carl Sandburg described Abraham Lincoln as a man of contrasts, "one who held in his heart and mind the paradox of terrible storm and peace unspeakable and perfect." He admired Lincoln because he was "both steel and velvet" and "hard as rock and
  2. Your answer:
    a friend of all."
    soft as drifting fog."
    the great commoner."
    the protector of his country."

  3. Jazz music is rarely written down. Jazz musicians take a popular song and keep the essential melody and chords in mind while improvising and embroidering the original composition as they play. The finished product is often very much unlike the original song. This improvisation is the essence of jazz. For this reason, jazz is often called a player's art rather than
  4. Your answer:
    dance music.
    a melody.
    an improvisation.
    a composer's art.

  5. The name of the month December is from the Latin decem meaning ten. It was the tenth month of the year when the beginning of the year was
  6. Your answer:
    April 1.
    March 1.
    September 1.
    January 1.

  7. The Maya (about 400 B.C. to A.D. 800) were the most intellectual of the Native American tribes. They were even more advanced than the Old World peoples of their time in their studies of arithmetic, astronomy, and calendar making. Only in recent centuries has the knowledge of European scientists improved on many of the ancient Mayan calculations and theories about
  8. Your answer:
    biology and chemistry.
    the celestrial bodies.
    human evolution.
    the causes of diseases.

  9. The Greeks and the Trojans were engaged in a war that had lasted ten years. There were great battles, but neither side could win. Finally, Ulysses thought of a plan. The Greeks built a huge wooden horse--so large that a hundred soldiers could stand inside it. They rolled the horse close to the gates of Troy, and the Greek ships sailed out of sight. The Trojans thought the horse was a gift from the Greeks and rolled it inside the city. When night came, the soldiers inside the horse came out, opened the gates of the city for the Greek warriors, who came back, rushed in, and defeated the Trojans. The Trojan horse is often cited as a symbol of
  10. Your answer:
    the importance of the navy.
    ancient methods of war.
    the military power of ancient Greece.
    deceptive strategy.

  11. An amphibian newt called proteus that lives in subterranean waters is transparent and has an underdeveloped eye under the skin. In a laboratory experiment, scientists subjected the proteus to illumination. After this exposure to light, the proteus soon became the same dark shade as other newts. Likewise, when the proteus in the early stages of its development was kept under a red light, the eye began to grow, broke through the skin, and finally became a seeing organ. The experiments proved that the proteus's power to produce pigment and its power to gain sight had not been lost; they had been
  12. Your answer:
    active at birth.
    functioning at night.
    distracted by light.
    arrested by darkness.

  13. Christmas is celebrated in various ways in different countries. In Canada, Christmas combines the customs of many countries, customs that were brought from their native lands by the
  14. Your answer:

  15. During the last century, the British Empire was very large. In fact, the British controlled some land in every part of the world. No wonder an old saying goes,
  16. Your answer:
    "Britannia rules the waves."
    "There is no ruler like the British ruler."
    "The sun never sets on the British Empire."
    "The British carry all the burden."

  17. These people are trained from childhood to disregard both danger and pain. In warfare, they are not aggressive; they have never been defeated in battle because of their stolid, unyielding resistance in the face of any opposition. They are
  18. Your answer:
    inspired by patriotism.
    easily spurred to rage.
    immune to fear.
    impetuously militant.

  19. Visitors to Afghanistan have nearly always been surprised to see tulips growing wild in the fields of that country. They have always associated tulips with the Netherlands. The tulip is really a native of Asia Minor and was introduced into Europe during the sixteenth century. The Dutch have developed many varieties of tulip, and most tulip bulbs come from the Netherlands. The Asiatic origin of the tulip is not
  20. Your answer:
    important to scientists.
    an accepted fact.
    generally known.
    surprising to us.

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