Reading for Understanding Three #43C

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  1. A formal accusation of wrongdoing in office brought against a public official for the purpose of removing him from office is called impeachment. The accusation itself embodies the act of impeachment, so that a person is said to be impeached even if he has been found innocent of the charge. Although in 1868 when U. S. President Andrew Johnson was acquitted of the charges, he remained
  2. Your answer:
    on tiral.

  3. There are two general ways in which to pay a worker: one, by the volume of production so that wages depend upon skill; and two, by the hour or week. In this age of mechanization, when so often the machine sets the limit of production, there is no incentive value in paying a worker
  4. Your answer:
    for overtime.
    for new ideas.
    by the hour.
    by the piece.

  5. X rays are used to locate bone fractures, abnormal growths in the body, other defects indicating disease, and the presence of foreign bodies as pins or bullets. They are also used in the treatment of some cancerous growths and in the cure of certain skin diseases. Many important applications of X rays have been found in
  6. Your answer:

  7. Poets and writers the world over have penned many a tribute to the average person. The average person alone, however, did not make the world what it is today. We also respect the exceptional person who, either by natural endowment or by concentrated effort,
  8. Your answer:
    is average.
    produces superior work.
    holds back progress.
    is unworthy of praise.

  9. Doctors can remove kidneys briefly from a patient to repair blood vessels and remove abnormal growths. The diseased kidney is placed in icy salt water to preserve it while the doctor works on it. Putting the patient's own kidney back removes the danger that it will be rejected as sometimes happens when a healthy kidney is transplanted from another person. It is hoped that this new method of repairing rather than replacing kidneys will result in more
  10. Your answer:
    kidney donations for transplants.
    recoveries from kidney diseases.
    complete kidney removal.
    emergency kidney transplants.

  11. A simple compass can be made by floating a magnetized needle on a splinter of wood in water. The needle will turn and come to rest in a north-south direction nearly on the line from the North to the South Pole. The earliest record of the use of this device for guiding navigators is from the Mediterranean area in the twelfth century, although the magnetic phenomenon had been known for more than a thousand years. The mariner's compass was developed rapidly, and Christopher Columbus was able to use a compass very similar to our
  12. Your answer:
    modern compass.
    modern navigation.
    crude compass.
    celestrial navigation.

  13. The trireme was an ancient galley ship. It was powered by three rows of oars, one above the other. One person was required at each of the nearly two-hundred oars. Even thought the trireme was light and easy to haul ashore, it went out of use centuries before the modern age because
  14. Your answer:
    sailors were inexperienced.
    it needed such a large crew.
    it was hard to construct.
    steamships were invented.

  15. In latitudes where even the summers are cold, there are no trees. Only mosses, shrubs, and lichens grow. Such areas are called tundras. At the tops of the highest mountains and at the poles of the earth, the earth is completely covered with ice and snow, and no plants at all grow. This climate is one of
  16. Your answer:
    perpetual frost.
    high fertility.
    certain death.
    frequent storms.

  17. Aircraft take off and land into the wind. For this reason, most large airports have runways laid out in
  18. Your answer:
    at least two directions.
    an east-west direction.
    a specified direction.
    a north-south direction.

  19. The use of cavalry, literally meaning soldiers mounted on horses, gave armies mobility, and for thousand of years many decisive battles were cavalry battles. As late as World War I, armies on both sides had large numbers of cavalry troops. By then, armies began to use mechanized ground units and fighter planes to increase their effectiveness. During World War II, all armies had highly mechanized units. In 1958, the United States Army disbanded its last mounted cavalry unit and replaced it with what may be called sentimentally, although inaccurately,
  20. Your answer:
    airborne units.
    infantry troops.
    mechanized calvary.

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