Reading for Understanding Three #41C

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. With the exception of native American Indians, the large population of the United States is made up of people whose ancestors arrived within the last five hundred years. Most of the new settlers came from Europe, but all parts of the world are represented. If there are typical Americans, they are blends of many different kinds of people. For this reason America has been called
  2. Your answer:
    a land without prejudice.
    the melting pot of nations.
    a temporary home.
    the backyard of Europe.

  3. There exists in the world a notion that the scholar should be a recluse--unfit for any handiwork or public work. As far as this is applied to the studious classes, it is not just or wise. Action is subordinate with the scholar, but it is nevertheless,
  4. Your answer:

  5. Grocers used to explain to the shopper the uses and values of their merchandise. In the modern supermarket, the shopper selects purchases from the shelf without the help of a salesclerk, unless you want to call the packaging the salesclerk. Packaging is often attractive and functional, and it is informative if the buyer will take time to
  6. Your answer:

  7. In a commencement address, educator James Bryant Conant said, "Slogans are both exciting and comforting, but they are also powerful opiates for the conscience. Some of mankind's most terrible misdeeds have been committed under the spell of certain
  8. Your answer:
    poor teachers."
    intoxicating beverages."
    evil companions."
    magic words or phrases."

  9. A cutting wind blew down the Susquehanna River whipping into freezing spray the water cascading over Nanticoke Falls near Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Despite the cold, John Elgar had taken off his coat and was prepared to swim in case his little steamer, the Codorus, met disaster in its attempt to surmount the hazardous rapids. It was April 1826, the testing time for Elgar's belief in the quality of iron
  10. Your answer:
    for constructing skyscrapers.
    for building boats.
    for building bridges.
    for building rail.

  11. Slang is a kind of language in which words are used in an unconventional way. Slang is often more expressive and interesting than the more accepted usages, but it has a hard time making its way into polite or proper speech and writing. Many slang expressions are not frowned upon as much as they used to be, and some have even come to be regarded as
  12. Your answer:
    standard usage.

  13. One of Thomas Edison's first inventions was a device for instantly tabulating congressional votes. The machine would have appreciably cut down voting time from the forty-five minutes required for a roll call. Congress would not accept the device, because the roll-call method allowed time for vote trading. After having his invention refused, Edison vowed that he would not invented another device that
  14. Your answer:
    was easy to operate.
    would not work.
    people did not want.
    was not electric.

  15. Crescent-shaped Sable Island lies off the coast of Nova Scotia. Many treacherous sandbars lie near the island. In the 1700s so many ships were wrecked off the island that sailors called the area the
  16. Your answer:
    Graveyard of the Atlantic.
    Sandbars of Canada.
    Stepchild of Greenland.
    Sailors' Paradise.

  17. For about 240 kilometers along the Little Colorado River in north central Arizona stretches a beautiful wasteland with pinnacles, mesas, and deep valleys. The shades range from pastel to brilliant. The hues change with the light and are most beautiful at sunrise and at sunset. We call the area by the name that was appropriately given to it by explorers--the
  18. Your answer:
    Painted Desert.
    Grand Canyon.
    Carlsbad Caverns.
    Arizona Park.

  19. Calcination is a process of heating certain solid materials to a temperature high enough to remove volatile substances, or substances that evaporate readily. For example, the calcination of limestone involves heating the stone to a point high enough to expel unwanted carbon dioxide and to leave commercially desirable lime. Calcination, therefore, is sometimes referred to as a process of
  20. Your answer:

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