Reading for Understanding Three #3B

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The use of fingerprints in the identification of criminals is well known. It is not so well known, however, that fingerprints are sometimes used to clear innocent persons. A man was sent to prison because his physical appearance was so like that of a known criminal. He was released when a study of his fingerprints showed that he
  2. Your answer:
    was not the man wanted.
    was a brother of the man.
    was a first offender.
    was a criminal.

  3. Most homeowners realize that a dead tree standing near a house or a garage should be removed. They know that decaying branches or even the entire tree may fall and cause severe damage to the
  4. Your answer:

  5. Rickets is a disease of childhood that used to be much more common than it is now. The main symptom is faulty bone development due to defective calcium deposition at the growing ends of the bones. Rickets has been shown to be a disease caused by vitamin deficiency, and it responds satisfactorily to treatment with vitamin D. During World War II, when there was strict rationing in England, all English children were given vitamins A and D; and thereafter physicians reported
  6. Your answer:
    other vitamin deficiencies.
    a discovery of vitamin D.
    no medical problems.
    a low incidence of rickets.

  7. Sharecroppers are farmers who do not own their own land. The owners of the land provide the farmers with land, seed, and equipment and lend them money to live on until the crops are harvested. The farmers do all the work, and their families often help them. When the crops are harvested, a share of the crop goes to the owners, and a share goes to the farmers. This explains the name
  8. Your answer:
    tenant farmer.
    slave owner.

  9. The scriptures of many different religions agree on at least one code of conduct. The statement that many Christians know as the Golden Rule--"Do unto others as you would have them do unto you"--is echoed in Buddhist scriptures as "Hurt not others with that which pains yourself." Taoism, an Oriental religion, says much the same thing with "Regard another's gain as your own gain; and regard another's loss as
  10. Your answer:
    no one's fault."
    your own fault."
    your own loss."
    your own gain."

  11. During the Great Depression, one state of the United States passed a law forbidding anyone to bring poor or needy people into the state. The United States Supreme Court declared the law unconstitutional, saying that any American has the privilege of moving from place to place regardless of
  12. Your answer:

  13. The people of Arabia, Central Asia, and North Africa who have no fixed homes wander from place to place, stopping wherever they can find pasture for their sheep, goats, horses, and camels. These nomads live in tents, and their life is very simple. Most countries today try to get the nomads to settle in villages so that the children can
  14. Your answer:
    go to school.
    grow up.
    tend the sheep.
    wear shoes.

  15. Everyone loves fireworks. Large public displays of fireworks are often a part of national celebrations or other public events. For the sake of safety, people are encouraged to go to such displays rather than to set off their own fireworks. In several areas, the selling of fireworks to individuals is prohibited because of the
  16. Your answer:

  17. Forty persons working seven years fashioned a beautiful handmade lace garment. Lace-making machines can produce the lace for a beautiful garment in a few hours at a fraction of the cost of handmade lace. This makes it possible for more people to have
  18. Your answer:
    a handmade garment.
    an expensive product.
    lace garments.
    nothing valuable.

  19. The United States Coast Guard maintains lightships, anchored at dangerous places along the coast and at the entrances to certain ports. These lightships are equipped with two masts on which are mounted powerful searchlights similar to those found in lighthouses. One searchlight burns every day from sunset to sunrise, and the other is kept in reverse. These floating lighthouses are equipped with foghorns, radio beacons, underwater bells, and other signalling devices with which to
  20. Your answer:
    avoid shoals.
    anchor safely.
    give warning.
    control ports.

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