Reading for Understanding #37B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Those who compare the age in which their lot has fallen with a golden age that exits only in imagination may talk of degeneracy and decay; but no one who is correctly informed as to the past will be disposed to take a morose or desponding view of
  2. Your answer:
    the present.

  3. Francis Bacon in one of his essays gave this advice: "Seek not proud riches but such as thou mayest get justly, use soberly, distribute cheerfully, and leave contentedly." As head of the Court of Chancery he was brought to trial for taking bribes in the court, given a prison sentence and assessed a large fine, and prohibited from ever again holding public office. Thus, he was a man who did not
  4. Your answer:
    have a large fortune at death.
    think he was justly punished.
    know right from wrong.
    practise what he preached.

  5. We have no way to judge the future except by the past. Our vision into the future is dim, but we have some light from the lamp of
  6. Your answer:

  7. There is considerable evidence to support the theory that human migrants from Asia reached North America during the last ice age. Radiocarbon dating, discovered after World War II as a by-product of atomic research, indicates that human beings lived in North America before 20,000 B.C. Scientists accept these measurements as fairly
  8. Your answer:

  9. Before the Industrial Revolution, buyers generally dealt directly with the manufacturer, who crafted the product by hand; shoes were made to order by a bootmaker, clothing was hand-tailored, furniture was handmade, and so on. But with the developments of the Industrial Revolution, goods were mass-produced by machines, and the manufacturer and buyer became
  10. Your answer:
    widely separated.
    one and the same.

  11. That nation has the idea that no matter what happens today, the glorious tomorrow of realization will come. Such an attitude fails to stimulate constructive effort and, for this reason, that nation
  12. Your answer:
    leads the world in production.
    faces a glorious future.
    is among the strongest in the world.
    has not realized its potentialities.

  13. A totem is a symbol of a natural phenomenon or object that certain primitive people believe to be related to them in some way. They may carve the totem, which is usually an animal, on a pole that they erect around their living quarters. They do not kill or eat their totems-that would be like killing themselves. The group of persons who are connected with a particular totem believe themselves to be of one blood and strictly prohibit the marriage of people who have the same
  14. Your answer:

  15. Among the principal uses of zinc are galvanizing iron, making brass alloys, die-casting, and making paint compounds. It is fortunate that the world reserves of zinc are abundant. In times of war, when the extra demands for zinc in munitions cannot be met by the normal output, zinc is classified as a strategic material, and its civilian use is
  16. Your answer:

  17. Primitive people gratified their needs for food and shelter by directly appropriating the things that their environment provided. As human beings developed, they achieved increasing control over nature. In this sense, progress from savagery to modern civilization may be measured by the increasing power of human beings over
  18. Your answer:
    their environment.
    food and shelter.

  19. The inhabitants of ancient Ireland liked to wear brightly dyed clothing. There were laws limiting the number of different hues that a single garment could contain. Peasants and ordinary soldiers were allowed to wear only one hue at a time; officers were permitted two; clan commanders, three; and a member of the royal family could wear a garment of seven hues. The wearing of several hues at once was a symbol of
  20. Your answer:
    high rank in society.
    good taste in clothing.
    Irish loyalty.
    the clan to which one belonged.

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