Reading for Understanding Three #37A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. A great deal of discomfort arises from oversensitiveness to what people may say about your actions. But why should this be so? Consider whether anything that you can do will have much connection with what they will say. And besides, it may be doubted whether they will say anything at all about you. Many unhappy persons seem to imagine that they are always in an amphitheater, with the assembled world as spectators; whereas, all the while, they are playing to
  2. Your answer:
    empty benches.
    a large audience.

  3. History is a living, vital, exciting story, a tale whose beginning is as unknown as the beginning of life, and which will end only when life and the world
  4. Your answer:
    cease existing.
    are perfected.
    are in complete harmony.
    begin again.

  5. Chess is notoriously difficult to play well. Chess players often claim that one cannot master the game without a high order of intelligence. More plausible, however, is the suggestion that the difficulty of chess lies in its complexity rather than in its profundity. The good player is one whose attention is never diverted from the ongoing game; for at any point in the game the possibilities for play are so many that one may easily, through a momentary lapse in attention, open up a clear field for one's opponent. The winner of a chess game is usually the player who displays the greater degree of
  6. Your answer:

  7. Lent is a period of fasting observed in many Christian churches. Lent begins on Ash Wednesday and lasts until Easter. The day before Ash Wednesday is Shrove Tuesday, and in some cities a merry and lively festival called the Mardi Gras is held on that day. For many, the Mardi Gras is the last merry celebration until after
  8. Your answer:
    Ash Wednesday.
    Good Friday.

  9. The Mississippi River has played a vital part in the development of the United States. This mighty river has been traditionally regarded as a source of good and evil to the people who live on its banks. When the river overflows, it deposits some of the richest soil along the banks, but raging floods frequently cause loss of life and property downstream. People in the area pay respect to the mighty river, as shown in the song "Old Man River," the name many people give to the Mississippi. The people along the Mississippi regard it almost as a
  10. Your answer:
    transportation route.
    living thing.
    source of income.
    large tributary.

  11. The development of human abilities, both mental and physical, is dependent on their use during the early part of life. Maintaining these abilities throughout life is also dependint on their continued use. Recent biomedical studies have confirmed the validity of an old principle
  12. Your answer:
    "The expert is born, not made."
    "Use it or lose it."
    "All things come to those who wait."
    "You cannot teach an old dog new tricks."

  13. The Roman Empire covered most of Europe, the Middle East, and the nothern part of Africa along the Mediterranean Sea. Within this vast area lived some of the barbaric Germanic tribes, the cultured people of Greece, the farmers of Egypt, and the scholars of the Middle East. All of these peoples retained their separate ways of life even after the Romans conquered them and they became a part of Rome. There was no such thing as
  14. Your answer:
    an average Roman.
    a learned Roman.
    the Roman Empire.
    a Roman noble.

  15. In some countries there are both import and export taxes on commodities. The Constitution of the United States prohibits both export and interstate duties. The United States has a large customs office, but it is concerned only with goods purchased abroad that are
  16. Your answer:
    brought into the United States.
    cheaper than United States-produced goods.
    taxed at the time of purchase.
    shipped out of the United States.

  17. Someone has estimated that the daily power consumption of a person in an industrialized nation is equivalent to the constant work of many people. Engineering advances have taken much of the drudgery out of life, shortened the average working day, and provided the average person with many things that used to be considered luxuries. Engineering accomplishments have thus improved the
  18. Your answer:
    educational requirements.
    standard of living.
    use of leisure time.
    international relations.

  19. Izaak Walton (1593-1683) was a native of London, working as both an ironmonger and a linen draper. At the age of fifty, he retired from business to live a life of cultured leisure. His book The Compleat Angler was published in 1653. He has become a sort of patron saint of fishers, and fishers still like to own a copy of his book. The Izaak Walton League extends its interest in fishing to a concern for the related matter of
  20. Your answer:

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