Reading for Understanding Three #36B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Two men were competing in a contest to determine which could most accurately imitate a squealing pig. The first held his arm under a coat, pretending to conceal a pig. He greatly delighted the audience with his realistic sounds. The audience was quite sure that no one could do better. The second man held a real pig under his coat and pinched its ear to make it squeal. The audience said the first man had given a more realistic performance. The second man swept aside his coat to reveal the real pig, positive proof that the audience was
  2. Your answer:

  3. James Russell Lowell wrote: "It is singular how impatient people are with over-praise of others, how patient with over-praise of themselves; and yet the one does them no injury, while the other
  4. Your answer:
    is really to be desired."
    may be soon forgotten."
    may be their ruin."
    can be bought at great price."

  5. This large modern industrial plant has a medical department equivalent to a twenty-bed hospital. It is staffed by two full-time and four part-time physicians, five nurses, and one medical technician. Each new employee has a complete preemployment physical examination. Some employees receive regular health examinations to make sure that their work has no harmful effect on them and that they are capable of
  6. Your answer:
    easier assignments.
    medical examinations.
    greater production.
    continuing it.

  7. Learning what to eat is an important part of a young elephant's growing up. A mature elephant was observed to eat over fifty kinds of plants in a day. Her calf chewed plants during the first week of life. It would reach up to its mother's mouth and sample what she was eating. The calf was probably learning from her
  8. Your answer:
    to avoid danger.
    what to choose.
    to kill its enemies.
    how to drink milk.

  9. Under physical or emotional stress, the body's "alarm" goes off: the adrenal glands, atop the kidneys, pour hormones into the bloodstream to help the body adapt to the assault. This is a perfectly normal reaction. When the stress is unusually severe or prolonged, however, the body becomes oversupplied with these secretions. Damage in the form of some disease may result. Although the action of the adrenal glands is at first protective, after a certain point the action
  10. Your answer:
    pours hormones into the blood.
    adapts itself to adverse conditions.
    becomes the body's enemy.
    improves blood circulation.

  11. Balance of trade is to ordinary citizens an academic and remote question. They judge prosperity by what they experience, feel, and see. To them, the election issue presents itself as a simple choice between what they had under the former regime and
  12. Your answer:
    present economic trends.
    what they actually have today.
    an advantageous balance of power.
    the way in which trade is balanced.

  13. The bones of a large species of extinct bird called the moa are found only in New Zealand. Some were as large as 3.5 meters high; others, the size of turkeys. They could not fly. They disappeared about four hundred years ago. We conclude that the natives used them for food because so many of the bones have been found in former
  14. Your answer:
    cooking places.

  15. One poetry magazine pays only a very modest price per line for poems accepted for publication. Yet, every poet of our time seeks publication in this magazine in spite of its
  16. Your answer:
    famous subscribers.
    small circulation.
    high quality.
    poor rates.

  17. The world's greatest desert, the Sahara, covers one-third of Africa. rocks, dunes, and flat stretches of sand are the most common sights. The monotony is broken, however, by the three million people who make the vast expanse their home. It is a mistaken notion that the Sahara is almost completely
  18. Your answer:
    dry and hof.
    covered with sand.

  19. Measured by the final inevitability of death, biological success and failure are relative values that cannot be related to the moral values of human beings. The tapeworm, whose organs are degenerate, is a failure compared with its antecedents who kept theirs, but actually it is the successful one, for it is alive and they are extinct. In terms of the relative length of their existence, the sharks, who ruled the seas for only part of a geologic age, were less successful than the dinosaurs, who reigned for an era, but the dinosaurs passed from existence. Biological success is achieved in
  20. Your answer:

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