Reading for Understanding Three #36A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The process of substituting foreign animals for native domestic animals is going on in many parts of the world, and sometimes with disastrous results. Native animals can make better use of the grazing opportunities in semiarid grasslands, and native people often do not know how to control the grazing of cows and other domesticated animals. Large areas have been reduced to deserts by the grazing of too many cattle for too long. As a result, the land
  2. Your answer:
    must be turned over to the public.
    cannot be irrigated.
    cannot support any animals.
    must be turned to pasture.

  3. As long as a tree is living, it is growing - becoming both taller and larger in diameter. Both the trunk and all of the limbs grow in diameter, but the tree grows in height only at its top. Thus a tree five years old may have a limb three meters from the ground. When the tree is ten years old and is much taller, this same limb will be
  4. Your answer:
    about the same in diameter.
    three meters from the ground.
    above several more new limbs.
    several meters more from the ground.

  5. The history of science teaches us to doubt the authenticity of the weird and the fascinating. There are exceptions to this rule, however. Not every interesting story is
  6. Your answer:

  7. Upon return to the United States, the cosmic-ray scientist was questioned by a congressional committee at a closed hearing. We do not know what was said, as records of the hearing were never made
  8. Your answer:

  9. Most U.S. citizens acquire their citizenship by being born in the United States. Naturalization is the legal process by which a person's citizenship changes from one country to another. A naturalized citizen of the United States may not be elected president or vice-president, but otherwise the person has the same rights of citizenship as someone
  10. Your answer:
    who has not been subversive.
    born anywhere in the world.
    born in the United States.
    who obeys all the laws.

  11. The prime minister of England is that country's chief executive officer and a member of Parliament. The chief executive of the United States is head of a separate branch of the government and is not simultaneously a member of Congress. One difference between the United States Congress and the Parliament of England is that Congress does not include
  12. Your answer:
    the chief executive.
    a legislature.
    two houses.

  13. When harvested and treated, kelp yields a chemical called algin that is used as a thickening and suspending gel in hundreds of products such as ice cream, paints, and toothpaste. Some of the companies that harvest and treat kelp now take part in replanting and protecting large ocean beds of it. During the 1950s, this was not the case, and most of the kelp beds were vanishing. Had these kelp beds been allowed to disappear, algin producers would
  14. Your answer:
    have gone out of business.
    not have worried about it.
    have become wealthy.
    have had larger harvests.

  15. Elias Howe patented a practical sewing machine in 1846. Hand tailors were opposed to the introduction of the machine because they feared that it would take away their means of making a living. Howe demonstrated that his machine could sew faster and better than five hand tailors, but it was still difficult to get the machine
  16. Your answer:

  17. A kite is held in the air when the push of the air on the underside of the kite is greater than the push of the air on the upperside. The difference in push is controlled by the wind. An aircraft stays in the air for the same reason, except that it has to keep moving rapidly to maintain this difference in air pressure above and below its wings. A kite flies because of the wind; a plane flies because of its
  18. Your answer:

  19. The charter of Dartmouth College as a private school was granted to it "forever" by King George III of England. Later, the state of New Hamphire tried to take the charter from the trustees and to make Dartmouth the state university. Daniel Webster, a Dartmouth alumnus, argued the case before the Supreme Court of the United States, and the court decided for the college. Legislatures now include a time limitation in charters or include specific provisions for cancellation. If the charter of Dartmouth had not contained the word forever, the court's decision might have been for
  20. Your answer:
    private schools.
    New Hampshire.

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