Reading for Understanding Three #34B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In ancient times conquerors levied on their subjects a tax of one-tenth of the products of the land as a tribute to the gods who had given them victory. Hebrew law exacted as religious offering a toll of one-tenth, called a tithe, of the first fruits of the land. Christian churches ask no definite contribution of people, but some sects tithe, and many people voluntarily tithe. This is not a tax set by the church. It is
  2. Your answer:
    an involuntary gift.
    a hardship on many.
    a voluntary contribution.
    a tax deduction.

  3. Many of the people of Lapland are nomads. They move from place to place, pitching their tents wherever they can find vegetation for their herds of reindeer. Other Lapps live in settled villages, where they have
  4. Your answer:
    more reindeer.
    permanent homes.
    iron mines.
    brick houses.

  5. No one knows how long cheese has been used for food or how the first cheese was made. Perhaps the discovery of cheese was accidental, and the reason we have no record of it may be that it was
  6. Your answer:
    so long ago.
    in a strange language.
    a secret.

  7. The United States government employs millions of people, and nearly all of these are employed under the merit system. This means that their appointments are not the result of political preference but of ability as demonstrated by the results of civil-service examinations. Promotions are made on the basis of further examinations or of ratings of proficiency. There is one important restriction on civil-service employees in the matter of political activity. Workers may vote as they please, but they may not be active in party politics. The civil-service laws are intended to separate the employees'
  8. Your answer:
    religion and politics.
    appointment and promotion.
    work and politics.
    home and job.

  9. Iron is of prime importance in toolmaking, weaponry, transport facilities, construction, and machinery. Because of its unmatched magnetic properties, iron provides the cores that are used in all electric generators, and the production of electricity on any large scale would be impossible without it. Although gold, silver, and some other metals cost more and are also used in industry, iron is the most
  10. Your answer:

  11. The thyroid gland, located in the neck, regulates body metabolism. If there is a lack of iodine in a person's diet, the thyroid gland may become enlarged. In areas near the ocean, foods usually contain enough iodine to prevent enlargement of the thyroid gland, but in some inland regions where iodine is scarce, the condition frequently occurs. In these inland regions, many people protect themselves from enlargement of the thyroid gland by the use of
  12. Your answer:
    reducing diets.
    iodized salt.
    iodine deficiency.
    freshwater fish.

  13. The North Carolina parakeet, the northernmost of the world's parrots, is now extinct, although at one time this parakeet ranged as far north as New York and as far west as the Dakotas. Their extinction was brought about by hunters who shot them for their beautiful feathers, for sheer sport, and to stop them from destroying fruit. These birds had the habit of returning to the body of a killed member of their flock, thus making it easy for the hunters to
  14. Your answer:
    sell the feathers.
    kill large numbers of them.
    be good sports.
    protect the species.

  15. The farther you go in school, the more reading assignments you have. You can improve your ability to read fast, but that is not enough. You must also try to improve your comprehension. There is no advantage in reading so fast that you do not
  16. Your answer:
    make mistakes.

  17. Moulds can be very annoying when they develop on our food or on our clothes. One useful thing they accomplish, though, is to cause dead plants and animals to decay. You might say that moulds are
  18. Your answer:
    nature's garbage disposers.
    killers of plants and animals.
    annoying in all ways.
    useful in every way.

  19. The people of the Netherlands, popularly called Hollanders or Dutch, have increased the land area of their country for cultivation by building dikes around a lake, marsh, or sea area to keep it from flooding. The water within the enclosed area is drained off into canals. The newly drained, dike-protected land is called a polder. Most of the land in the western part of the Netherlands is reclaimed land. This land is flat and
  20. Your answer:
    is good fishing ground.
    is of little value.
    lies below sea level.
    is flooded during ocean storms.

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