Reading for Understanding Three #33C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. One way to make a better living is to earn more money. However, if goods and services cost less money, one would not have to have an increased income in order to have a better standard of living. The living standard can be improved by
  2. Your answer:
    more demand for the goods.
    money in the bank.
    a drop in prices.
    a decrease in supply.

  3. After the excesses of the French Revolution, the people desired peace, order, and restraint. Frequently, a period of reaction follows one of
  4. Your answer:

  5. United States history seems to point out that the people really want a two-party system. Whenever a third party has arisen, an election has eliminated one of the three. At times, when U.S. citizens were faced with having only one party, that party eventually
  6. Your answer:

  7. Originally, a courier was a messenger who ran from place to place carrying dispatches. A system of couriers--both on horseback and on foot--formed the basis of the modern
  8. Your answer:
    post office.

  9. Changes in climate may result in geographical changes. For instance, a semiarid region covered with short grasses, known as a steppe region, may become a desert after several successive dry years. On the other hand, a desert could easily become a steppe land if there were
  10. Your answer:
    a moderate range of temperatures.
    good rains for several years.
    a period of no rainfall.
    long summers and short winters.

  11. Chimpanzees will crowd around a sick chimpanzee or run to the side of a moaning member of their group. They try to comfort the one who is in pain and even weep a little. When a sick chimpanzee is removed from the company of the others, however, the group ceases to weep. They do not seem to search for the sick animal or to show signs of missing it in any way. Possibly this reaction shows that with chimpanzees there is truth in the saying:
  12. Your answer:
    "Sympathy is a sustaining bread."
    "Absence makes the heart grow fonder."
    "Out of sight, out of mind."
    "Misery loves company."

  13. Lucretius stated a hypothesis on the mortality of the universe. Assuming that earth, water, air, and fire (the ancient elements) are all mortal, and assuming that the universe is composed of these elements, then, he argued, the universe must be mortal. If this fact is true, then all elements must have had a beginning and will have a destruction. If what is true of the parts is also true of the whole, then the universe must, at some future time, have a time of
  14. Your answer:

  15. The Gunpowder Plot was a plot to destroy the English king and both houses of Parliament on November 5, 1605. The plot did not succeed because news of it leaked out, and its leader, Guy Fawkes, was caught. The English hold an annual festival on November 5, Guy Fawkes Day, and burn Guy Fawkes in effigy. A formal search is made of the vaults below the houses of Parliament before the opening of each session. This is done in memory of
  16. Your answer:
    King James I.
    the Gunpowder Plot.
    all loyal subjects.
    Guy Fawkes Day.

  17. Batik is the art of executing a design with paint on textiles. It is as difficult as etching or painting, but it is practically impossible to correct a mistake in drawing or shading after it has been made on the cloth. This is truly no art for those who work by
  18. Your answer:
    dim illumination.
    trial-and-error methods.
    hand rather than with tools.
    dependence on vision alone.

  19. Most trials in the English-speaking countries are trials before a jury. A defendant may ask for a trial before a judge without a jury because he has confidence in the ability and fairness of the judge. Some critics think trial by jury is expensive, slow, and unreliable. But the jury remains an important part of the judicial system in many countries, and few citizens of these countries are ready to
  20. Your answer:
    continue it.
    elect judges.
    give it up.
    serve on juries.

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