Reading for Understanding Three #33B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Youth cannot accept death as inevitable. Youth is the child of nature and believes itself to be, like nature
  2. Your answer:

  3. Most of us think of superstitions as being old-fashioned and humorous, but there are many serious students of folklore, tales, and traditions. These students collect accurate records of the old beliefs and practices because such records throw light on the purposes the beliefs served in the past. Often, the students find that the beliefs that seem the most unreasonable now and the customs that now serve no useful purpose were at one time
  4. Your answer:

  5. A story is told of an argument between a fir tree and a thorn bush. The fir tree said that the thorn bush was useless because it was not beautiful and tall and could not be used to build stout ships and tall buildings, as could the fir. The thorn bush replied that axes and saws would never threaten its life because it was so ugly and insignificant. This story shows that the meek and humble in this life are often the
  6. Your answer:
    most useful.

  7. The family structure that seems so natural to us in the present is only one of many possible forms of familial organization. In other countries and in other centuries, the common form of family life has been
  8. Your answer:
    different from ours.
    invariably the same as ours.
    superior in all aspects to ours.
    vastly inferior to ours.

  9. The waves and tides of the oceans are always changing the land along the coast. The change may be very slow when the waves are battering against granite; but, where the land is already soft sand, the ocean can carve with terrifying speed. It has been estimated that the terrific waves and tides of the 1962 storm, which lasted only four days, made changes in the shore that ordinary storms would hardly have made in
  10. Your answer:
    the future.
    the past.
    a few hours.
    a century.

  11. The bagpipe is a musical wind instrument that we usually associate with Scotland and the kiltie bands there. But the bagpipe is much more widely used, being found in India, Ireland, France, the Balkans, Scandinavia, and some other countries. The ancient Romans had a kind of bagpipe, and the Roman Emperor Nero was said to have been a good piper. The bagpipe is
  12. Your answer:
    an ancient instrument still widely used.
    out of date in Scotland.
    played in all countries.
    a modern Scottish instrument.

  13. Up to the year 1953, the people of the desert of Iraq had only the water from 180 shallow wells for themselves and their sheep. At that time, a British engineer, who had been sent to Iraq by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, introduced modern methods of well digging. Almost three hundred deep wells were drilled in the desert. The result has been a great increase in the productivity of the soil and in the security of the people. It is certainly to be hoped that these underground sources of water will
  14. Your answer:
    produce plenty of oil.
    be discovered.
    not increase.
    not be exhausted.

  15. Language evolves from the complex to the simple. The refinement of the English language through centuries of use by diverse peoples has made it one of the least grammatically complex languages in use today. This simplicity makes English easily usable and understood even with a very limited knowledge of its grammar. Broken English is incorrect, but when spoken to someone who understands English, its meaning is not
  16. Your answer:

  17. Vividness in speech or in writing may be amusing, but in order to secure the interest of our listeners we often neglect to be as accurate as we should be. We may make so many interpretations of the original facts or ideas that they are
  18. Your answer:
    easily understood.
    quite disfigured.
    clearly formulated.
    expressed accurately.

  19. With the advent of mechanization, the workers who had previously performed the tasks by hand complained that the machines were taking their jobs away from them. Of course, this particular complaint was true, but if the overall employment picture is considered, it is clear that machines do not take jobs away without providing other jobs, for machines
  20. Your answer:
    have to be built and repaired by workers.
    can produce goods more cheaply than can handworkers.
    do away with only the highest-paid jobs.
    restrict the purchasing power of the operators.

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