Reading for Understanding Three #32A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The ancient Greeks, in establishing their glorious civilization, are most to be admired for their originality. We should always remember that they showed the world what real freedom and civilization are. They raised politics, art, science, and literature to a higher level than any other people have ever done without
  2. Your answer:
    borrowing from others.
    succeeding in democracy.
    disregarding traditions.
    developing new ideas.

  3. To educate at all is to profess a faith of the most explicit kind in the future since education, by its nature, assumes a
  4. Your answer:

  5. In order to live, pea plants need a chemical compound called adenine. The plants manufacture this chemical, but at high temperatures they do not produce a sufficient amount. If, however, the leaves are sprayed with adenine, the plants can survive. Farmers can save their pea crops if they keep on hand a supply of adenine for use during prolonged
  6. Your answer:
    hot spells.
    cold spells.
    wet spells.
    dry spells.

  7. Simplification, even oversimplification, is both necessary and desirable for the formulation of theory. But if the larger reality from which the theory is abstracted is forgotten, theory becomes static and sterile. The discrepancies between the theory and fact must be
  8. Your answer:
    eliminated for theory.
    kept in mind.
    completely ignored.

  9. In 1790, Thomas Jefferson, the Secretary of State of the United States, was requested by the House of Representatives to report a proper place or places for establishing uniformity in currency, weights, and measures of the United States. After careful study of natural objects, he recommended the length of a second pendulum, taken under certain specified conditions, as the unit of length. He then proposed a decimal system of measuring length, volume, mass, and money. Except for money measurements, his proposal was not accepted. Scientists find the decimal system much easier and more useful and wish that Jefferson's proposal had been
  10. Your answer:

  11. Madame Tussaud's Waxworks in London is a museum containing lifelike wax figures of famous historical and contemporary persons. If you are in the museum and ask the guard a question, you may not get an answer because
  12. Your answer:
    the guard is made of wax.
    there is a printed booklet.
    you and the guard may not speak the same language.
    you are from another country.

  13. Trust not a person's words, or you may come to very erroneous conclusions. Instead, place your confidence in a person's countenance, in which there can be no deceit. If we would only look each other more in the face, we would have less cause to complain of the
  14. Your answer:
    inhumanity in the world.
    deception in the world.
    excesses of society.
    failure of schools.

  15. Not much is known of the life of Archimedes, a Greek mathematician, physicist, and inventor of the third century B.C. Hiero II, ruler of Sicily, asked Archimedes to determine whether a crown was pure gold or an alloy of gold and silver. Archimedes found that the crown displaced more water than the same weight of pure gold, and thus he knew that the crown was
  16. Your answer:
    pure silver.
    pure gold.
    an alloy

  17. It is believed by some observers that justice is simpler and swifter in England than in the United States. Some of these critics believe that U.S. courts should try to copy the system of the
  18. Your answer:
    English courts.
    European lawyers.
    law schools.
    younger judges.

  19. In 49 B.C. the Roman senate, fearing Caesar's power and motives, ordered him to break up his army. Instead, Caesar led his army across the Rubicon, a small river that formed the boundary between the Roman Empire and Gaul. It was a daring military move and a decisive step that led to great power for Caesar. The event is well remembered in our phrase "to cross the Rubicon," which means to
  20. Your answer:
    go to Switzerland.
    cross a small river.
    follow good advice.
    make a bold decision.

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