Reading for Understanding Three #28A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The sentence, "A log with a student at one end and Mark Hopkins at the other is my ideal college," is often quoted to emphasize the value of a good teacher. U.S. President James A. Garfield said this of his teacher, Mark Hopkins, who was president of Williams College when Garfield was
  2. Your answer:
    a teacher.
    a student.
    a general.

  3. Samuel Pierpont Langley, physicist and astronomer, was the first person to demonstrate the practicability of mechanical flight. In 1896, he succeeded in launching his "aerodrome," which weighed 11.7 kilograms and was about 4.8 meters in length. The machine did not carry a person. It was able to stay aloft for about one and a half minutes. Everyone now knows the accomplishments of space vehicles and of large planes. It is impossible to predict what we shall see in our lifetime if the rate of progress
  4. Your answer:
    exceeds Langley's.

  5. The great artist was modest and independent of people's opinions. Even after the sale of the artist's paintings brought financial security, the painter kept right on working. Dying at the age of eighty-nine, the artist is reported to have said, "Had I only lived five years longer, I might have
  6. Your answer:
    taken up painting."
    become a greater painter."
    lived to be a hundred."
    made money."

  7. Before the industrial revolution, each craftsperson was forced to own many different kinds of equipment although only one piece of equipment could be used at a time. Now, in a modern factory, each worker is assigned to a machine and all equipment is
  8. Your answer:
    continuously used.
    kept repaired.
    carefully operated.
    elaborately designed.

  9. When the Spaniards conquered Mexico in the early part of the sixteenth century, they found the well-established civilization of the Aztec Indians. Stories of the Aztec civilization were once regarded as interesting exaggerations, but recent excavations of great Aztec cities have established them as fact. Beneath modern Mexico City are the ruins of Tenochtitlan,
  10. Your answer:
    capital of the Aztecs.
    a mighty river.
    an ancient Greek city.
    king of the Aztecs.

  11. During World War II, pilots of the British Royal Air Force blamed unexplained failures of their planes on imaginary sprites who maliciously tinkered with the planes. They called the sprites "gremlins." They even had a name, "widgin," for a young gremlin and another special name, "fifnella," for a female gremlin. No one really believes in gremlins, and crews of technicians who investigate plane accidents nearly always find the cause of the accident. They usually find that accidents are caused by some kind of
  12. Your answer:
    mechanical failure.
    bad weather.

  13. Astronomers can most successfully study the planet Mars when it is at perihelion, the point in its orbit at which it is closest to the sun. This occurs every fifteen or seventeen years. When Mars next reaches its perihelion, astronomers will be
  14. Your answer:

  15. A newspaper story told of the suburban residents of Johannesburg, South Africa, who keep geese instead of watchdogs. The geese can be depended upon to raise an alarm when intruders approach and geese do not, like some dogs,
  16. Your answer:
    have to be fed.
    alarm the family.
    make friends with prowlers.
    make a disturbing racket.

  17. An act that stirs up discontent against government authority is called sedition. Sedition is conduct that tends towards treason but that cannot be called treason, for it involves no overt act to harm the government. Many countries have laws against sedition, laws that are unpopular except in wartime. In peacetime, citizens like to be free to
  18. Your answer:
    criticize their government.
    travel anywhere.
    punish traitors.
    hold free elections.

  19. It is sometimes said that the hand is the partner of the brain in making human life different from that of other earthly creatures. The skin of the hand is very elastic and very sensitive. The hands are very sensitive to cold, and they are highly vulnerable to injury. Injuries to wrists, hands, and fingers account for almost half of the total casualties in industrial accidents.
  20. Your answer:
    We cannot get along without hands.
    The thumb is the most important finger.
    Our hands deserve careful treatment.
    Hands are expressive of our feelings.

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