Reading for Understanding Three #24A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. An animal-news summary listed among the important events of the year the death of Ookie, a walrus in the New York Zoological Park. This may not seem like a memorable event to some people, but it should not be forgotten that millions of children thought it was
  2. Your answer:
    good news.
    important news.

  3. Great men and women do not need to bask in the reflection of what other people think they are. The truly great receive happiness through personal satisfaction from their efforts. Their contentment is not dependent upon
  4. Your answer:
    enjoying work.
    a subjective attitude.
    the opinions of others.

  5. For many years, people believed that there was no historical basis for the story of the Trojan War. They did not beleive that there was ever a real city of Troy. But in 1871, a German archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, began excavations of a mound near the mouth of the Dardanelles. In the mound, he identified the ruins of nine cities and villages, one above the other, and the sixth layer was identified as Troy. From the work of Schliemann and of later investigators, we know that Troy was not
  6. Your answer:
    destroyed by fire.
    a Greek city.
    a creation of the imagination.
    a city that really existed.

  7. Long bridges are often built with arches in the middle. The roofs of tunnels are rounded. The shells of walnuts are difficult to crack, and barrels are stronger than boxes. Many things are strengthened because they are constructed using
  8. Your answer:

  9. Christopher Columbus made four voyages to the New World. On his last voyage, still believing that South America and China were close to each other, Columbus sought a passage between the island of Cuba and the new world that would lead to the East Indies. He skirted the shores of Honduras in Central America and anchored close to the present-day Panama Canal. He never knew how close he was to the Pacific Ocean at that point. He returned home, having explored much of the New World to open the way for settlement. In the eyes of those who wanted a shipping route to the East, however, Columbus's last voyage was
  10. Your answer:
    a mutiny.
    a failure.

  11. Either success or failure will be the reward for those who strive to overcome the obstacles that come their way in life. But for those who simply acquiesce to these obstacles in life, the reward is surely
  12. Your answer:

  13. Often, as soon as an object is invented by one person, others quickly start making improvements and changes in the object. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, but so many changes have been made in it since it was invented that
  14. Your answer:
    more people now can afford to have one in their homes.
    we really cannot say that Bell invented it.
    one would scarcely recognize the original as being a telephone.
    "telephone" is no longer a proper name for the instrument.

  15. George Washington probably would have been a great person regardless of when he lived. Had there not been a Revolutionary War, however, he would not have been the "Father of His Country." Thomas Edison would have had an inventive mind had he lived in another time or place; because he lived during a time of industrial activity, his mind was put to its greatest use. We may conclude that a person's natural ability does not depend on time or place, but a great career is dependent upon ability coupled with
  16. Your answer:

  17. Water, ice, and wind constantly wear away the earth, forming a great variety of strange and beautiful effects. The world's great canyons, huge caves, sculptured coastlines, and large natural bridges are all part of these effects. We owe much of the beauty of the earth to the processes of
  18. Your answer:

  19. Submarines have proved their value in war because they can hide under the water and attack enemy ships. With new weapons and new nuclear-powered engines, submarines are becoming increasingly important. Some naval authorities believe that in case of a nuclear war practically all ships would have to go
  20. Your answer:
    below the surface.
    greater distances.
    to meet the enemy.
    under the pole.

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