Reading for Understanding Three #21A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In the central plains of the United States, South Dakota has a heavy snowfall each year, and heavy blizzards sometimes make it difficult for farmers to save their stock. During the 1930s, the state was plagued by terrible dust storms that were disastrous to farming. These dust storms had some of the violence of the winter storms and were even more destructive. This is why the farmers often referred picturesquely to the dust storms as
  2. Your answer:
    grasshopper plagues.
    gifts of the wind.
    black blizzards.

  3. When United States citizens celebrate July 4, they are commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. On July 19 of that year, a copy of the Declaration was ordered engrossed on parchment; on August 2, the final copy was signed by all the members present. The six members who were absent signed later, one as late as 1781. July 4 is not the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence but of its
  4. Your answer:

  5. Sculpture, music, architecture, dancing, and literature are all fine arts. The first four differ from literature in being universally understood. They can be appreciated without
  6. Your answer:

  7. The mesquite, a desert tree or shrub, stabilizes sand dunes. The wind blows sand around the mesquite. The sand builds up until a stable dune, held by the tree, is formed. As the dune enlarges, the mesquite sends out branches that reach above the dune so that the tree is never completely buried. The small branches extending from the top of a sand dune indicate that larger branches of the mesquite
  8. Your answer:
    have blown away.
    have been cut.
    are buried underneath.
    do not exist.

  9. Hundreds of years ago, a ruling in France required all peasants to put out their hearth fires by a certain time of night. Our English word "curfew" comes from the French words for this ruling: couvre feu (to cover the fire). As we use the word "curfew" today, we do not mean to cover or put out a fire. We stress the principle behind the original rule. Curfew means
  10. Your answer:
    to close for the night.
    to get out of bed.
    to put peasants to bed.
    to extinguish the hearth fire.

  11. Many of the houses in Lima, Peru are built with thick adobe walls. This type of construction will withstand the violent earthquakes that occur so often in that region. A flood, however, could easily turn these houses into piles of mud. It is fortunate that year after year, Lima has
  12. Your answer:
    few dust storms.
    violent earthquakes.
    violent storms.
    little rain.

  13. If you were an oil prospector and found oil, you would be extremely happy. A great deal of oil is used around the world annually. Thus, all that is discovered brings a good price. If you had been living a few hundred years ago and were drilling for salt--a much-wanted and little-found substance then--and found oil, you would have been very disappointed. Whether an article is valuable depends upon
  14. Your answer:
    whether it is edible.
    how it is found.
    where it is discovered.
    the demand for it.

  15. From ancient times until fairly recently, disease epidemics known as plagues have resulted in the deaths of large numbers of persons within short periods of time. Similar living conditions have existed in all recorded instances of outbreaks of plagues. These conditions have included inadequate food, overcrowded quarters, poor ventilation, and the accumulation of refuse in residential areas. Plagues, then, have broken out in areas characterized by
  16. Your answer:
    contact with foreign populations.
    rapid urbanization.
    poverty and poor sanitation.
    a decline in religion and morality.

  17. A large variety of minute forms of sea life, known collectively as plankton, is the primary food source of most marketable fish in the seas. It floats in great quantities on the surface of the oceans. Fishers know that when there are great assemblages of plankton, there will be
  18. Your answer:
    fewer schools of fish.
    a short fishing season.
    no deep-sea fishing.
    an abundance of fish.

  19. Some people live by the philosophy that one should observe whatever good there is in the world without ignoring the evil--that one should look for the best in every situation and person but remember that
  20. Your answer:
    most people are evil.
    all is good.
    nothing is bad.
    not everything is good.

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