Reading for Understanding Three #19C

Thelma Thurstone --The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Buddha (560 B.C. - 480 B.C.), the great Indian teacher, taught his philosophy of life for forty-five years. Although he himself did no writing, many of his teachings have been handed down through the writings of his pupils. He trained many Buddhist monks, who in turn taught the philosophy of Buddha in many Asian countries. There are many Buddhists in the world (estimates run from 150 million to 500 million), but to the followers of Buddha, he is not a god, but rather a great
  2. Your answer:
    bronze idol.

  3. The cankerworm is a caterpillar that eats the leaves of trees and does a great deal of damage. One method of control is to place sticky bands around the tree trunk so that the female moth cannot climb up into the tree to lay its eggs. This method is effective because, unlike the male, the female moth has no
  4. Your answer:

  5. Although asteroid means starlike, an asteroid is not a true star. The asteroids are really small planets that, like the large planets, travel around the sun. An asteroid should really be called a planetoid since it does not shine by its own light as does
  6. Your answer:
    the earth.
    a star.
    the moon.
    a sunspot.

  7. The eagle is the emblem of the United States, but it is interesting to learn that even before the Christian era, the Romans used the golden figure of an eagle as a symbol of courage and power. The rulers of Germany, Austria, and Russia before World War I also used the eagle in their coats of arms. The eagle was a popular design on the shields of knights, second only to the lion. The eagle has often been chosen because of its
  8. Your answer:
    wild habits.
    size and strength.

  9. Japanese farmers still wear the native clothes in the style of their forebears, but city workers -- both men and women -- wear modern Western clothes. Travellers in Tokyo can almost forget that they are in
  10. Your answer:
    a large city.
    an Asian country.
    an industrial country.
    a European city.

  11. Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809 - 1894) wrote that "medicine...learned from a monk how to use antimony...from a friar how to cut for stone, from a soldier how to treat gout, (and) from a sailor how to keep off scurvy..." Medicine, now a science, was not so in Holmes' day, and much of the valuable information made known to doctors during the early history of medicine was discovered by people who were
  12. Your answer:
    not doctors.

  13. Women in the United States fought for a long time to gain the right to vote. This right became a symbol of the equality of women with men. It was thought that this right would ensure the other rights that women desired. These included the right to own property, to hold public office, and to enter certain professions. Wyoming has been called the Equality State because it was the first state to grant women the right to
  14. Your answer:
    be doctors.
    hold office.

  15. A long, narrow, depression between Africa and Arabia is filled by the Red Sea. It is surrounded by great mountain ranges and a narrow, waterless coastal plain. It is connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Suez Canal. Since no fresh water empties into the Red Sea, and since the intense heat of the sun causes a high rate of evaporation, the salt content of the Red Sea is
  16. Your answer:
    very high.

  17. For primitive people a living included only food, clothing, and shelter. Most people today would consider such items as medical care, some recreation, educational expenses, public services, and other items as a legitimate part of our
  18. Your answer:
    luxury items.
    earning power.
    right to work.
    cost of living.

  19. When life was first coming onto land from the sea, it was washed ashore by one tide and carried back by another. In this way, it could adapt to land without a
  20. Your answer:
    gradual change.
    sudden change.

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