Reading for Understanding Three #19B

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Answer the questions below and then click "submit" to send your answers.

  1. Some Native Americans lived in huts; others lived in conical tents, and still others in adobe apartment houses. Some of the tribes were peaceful; others warlike. Only a few tribes wore the feather headdresses and war paint that many people think of today in connection with the Native Americans. Because almost every tribe had a way of life distinct from all other tribes, it would be incorrect to speak of any as
  2. Your answer:
    typical Native Americans.
    unlike the others.
    Plains people.
    an American heritage.


  3. Pyhteas was a Greek explorer who lived in the fourth century before Christ. His home was in Massilia (now Marseille) in southern France. The merchants of Massilia wanted to find a water route to a source of amber, which was widely used for ornamental jewels in those days. Pytheas sailed through the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and round England. In 340 B.C. he reported that he had sailed north from Scotland and found an island there. No one believed him because at the time people believed that the seas in that area were covered with ice. But it seems likely that the island Pytheas reached was Iceland and, therefore, that he may been
  4. Your answer:
    in search of amber.
    the first Arctic explorer.
    reporting dishonestly.
    inaccurate in his report.


  5. The shorter a pendulum is, the faster it swings. Most pendulum clocks have a setscrew by which one may adjust the length of the pendulum when the clock is not keeping accurate time. If the clock is running too fast, the pendulum is swinging too fast and should be
  6. Your answer:
    shortened.
    lengthened.
    replaced.
    stopped.


  7. John Doe or Mary Doe is the name used in legal documents to refer to a person whose name is unknown or not to be revealed. These names are so commonly used in this way that everyone knows that they are not
  8. Your answer:
    important.
    guilty persons.
    good persons.
    real names.


  9. The small island was a paradise. Food abounded in the sea, hung from overladen trees, and waited in the woods to be picked. The balmy climate made elaborate clothing unnecessary, and houses needed to be merely simple roofs. Disease was virtually unknown, and the natives had few
  10. Your answer:
    visitors.
    pleasures.
    children.
    worries.


  11. In early times, salt was so valuable that cakes of salt were sometimes used for money. Our word salary comes from the Latin word salarium, which was an allowance to soldiers to buy salt. Times have changed greatly, and salt is cheap and plentiful. When we say that people are "not worth their weight in salt," we mean that they
  12. Your answer:
    are incompetent.
    need a raise in pay.
    are bitter in attitude.
    eat too much.


  13. To most people a telescope is an optical instrument through which the heavenly bodies can be seen and photographed. For a long time, this was the only kind of telescope, but scientists now have another type called the radio telescope. Radio telescopes are being used to study radiations in interstellar space. Huge dish antennas gather in radio energy from great distances and concentrate the signals at a point where they can be heard. Scientists who work in this field are called
  14. Your answer:
    astronauts.
    optical astronomers.
    radio astonomers.
    space travellers.


  15. Some people apply to others not the golden rule, but what George Bernard Shaw called the brazen rule; "Do not do unto others as you would that they should do unto you; their tastes may be
  16. Your answer:
    identical."
    opinionated."
    different."
    intellectual."


  17. The earliest dyes used were natural dyes made from plants or animals. Sometimes the substance for making the dyes had to be brought from great distances and were therefore very expensive. Most dyes now are chemically prepared and are much less expensive. Even low-cost fabrics may now be obtained in
  18. Your answer:
    only certain shops.
    beautiful shades.
    natural and synthetic fibers.
    a large price range.


  19. The feverfew, an old-fashioned daisy-like flower, was first planted in North America in colonial times. The colonists believed that the feverfew had the power to drive away fever. The name of the flower, taken from colonial superstition, means
  20. Your answer:
    to put the fever to flight.
    to drive the English away.
    the flower of the colonies.
    the daisy of North America.



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