Reading for Understanding Three #19A

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Coffee is one of the world's most popular beverages, and citizens of Sweden lead the world in the per capita consumption of coffee. Coffee contains caffeine, a substance that interferes with sleep. Muslims who drank it to stay awake during their long religious rites were criticized by their priests. Students studying for examinations sometimes drink coffee to stay awake. Many people who drink coffee do so simply because they like it. Their choice is influenced mainly by
  2. Your answer:
    religious reasons.
    the stimulation.
    the taste.
    medicinal properties.

  3. One of the main problems in the expansion of education is to avoid sacrificing quality for quantity. Individuals involved in teaching must be of the highest merit. Good intentions alone will not be of any significant value. The destiny of education must be entrusted to those who are
  4. Your answer:
    advocates of expansion.
    for education.
    important government officials.
    interested and capable.

  5. Because there were so many different native tribes in North and South America, anthropologists have found it necessary to group the tribes for purposes of study. These groupings are known as culture areas because they include in a region all native tribes who have the same way of life. Scientists, then, usually study groups rather than
  6. Your answer:

  7. Christopher Columbus's first trip from Spain to the Gulf of Mexico took seventy days, but his second trip took only twenty days. In the early part of the nineteenth century, a clipper ship sailed from Boston to Liverpool in twelve days. Fast steamships now cross the Atlantic Ocean in less than four days. Jet passenger planes make the trip from New York to London in a matter of hours. The increase in speed of transport makes the Atlantic Ocean seem
  8. Your answer:
    more dangerous.

  9. Many kinds of common flowers must depend for pollination upon insects that carry pollen from one blossom to another. The different variety of flowers seemed to be designed to increase the likelihood of successful cross-pollination. Flowers that rely on bees for cross-pollination tend to be blue or yellow, hues to which the bee is most sensitive. Flowers dependent on night-flying moths are likely to be highly scented, since in reaching them the moth must
  10. Your answer:
    follow a long tortuous oath.
    ignore flowers that are cross-pollinated by bees.
    be guided more by smell than sight.
    make a number of stops en route.

  11. Diving is a competitive sport in which the winner cannot be determined by such objective measures as time, distance, mass, and so forth. Instead, each member of a panel of judges assigns a numerical rating on the skill of the diver. The judges do not always agree exactly on how good a diver is, but they do agree beforehand about the way they will combine or average their ratings to give each diver a
  12. Your answer:

  13. In England, Samuel Crompton invented a way of spinning in 1779 that yielded stronger thread than any other method available up to that time. The thread was so good and strong that the weavers wanted to buy Crompton's thread rather than that of any other spinner. The other spinners became very angry and made threats to wreck Crompton's machine because they
  14. Your answer:
    were afraid they would be put out of work.
    were afraid that the weavers would make too much money.
    wanted to get a copy of Crompton's machine.
    were proud of Cromptn's progress.

  15. News weeklies are popular and financially successful. These magazines that sum up the history of the week in twenty minutes' reading time are preferred by some to those that take forty. If brevity is the essence of the matter,
  16. Your answer:
    a book has more information.
    why learn to read?
    the briefer the better.
    life is too short.

  17. The coco palm tree is found on practically all the islands of the Pacific. The natives eat its fruit and drink the milk from the fruit. Its husk is woven into baskets, huts, ropes, and fishing nets. Its dried kernel is often used for money, and its leaves are used as roofs on the natives' huts. To the native islanders, the coco palm is the tree of life because it
  18. Your answer:
    never dies.
    grows anywhere.
    has deep roots.
    sustains them.

  19. The pressure of the air in the earth's atmosphere acts on us outwards from inside and inwards from outside. We are not crushed from the weight because from every direction the atmospheric pressure is
  20. Your answer:
    the same.

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