Reading for Understanding Three #16C

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Pines and some other evergreens have very narrow leaves that are called needles. Certain evergreens have broader leaves that expose more surface to cold and wind than do needles and therefore are not adapted for life in cold climates. The broadleaf evergreens require a climate that is
  2. Your answer:

  3. Standard is the type of English -- with regard to grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation -- that is spoken by the educated people in any English-speaking community. People may understand substandard English, but you will not be considered educated unless you learn to use
  4. Your answer:
    good writing.
    your education.
    the dictionary.
    standard English.

  5. Winged Victory is a famous piece of Greek sculpture that was not mentioned in ancient literature. The figure -- in the form of the Greek goddess of victory, Nike -- was found in 1863 on the island of Samothrace. The head and arms of Nike are missing. Some experts think the statue dates to 300 B.C.; others place its origin one or two centuries later. The name of the scultor of Winged Victory is
  6. Your answer:

  7. The tomorrow we worried about yesterday is
  8. Your answer:

  9. A dying farmer wished that his children would carry on his work. He called them to his bedside and told them that he had buried everything he had in the vineyard. After their father's death, the children began digging for what they believed to be a buried treasure. They dug up all the soil in the vineyard only to find nothing. The vine, however, yielded their best crop that year because they had been so well cultivated. The old farmer had known that the best treasure he could leave his children was
  10. Your answer:
    the fruits of hard work.
    buried treasure.
    a self-tending vineyard.
    no real legacy.

  11. Since a rainbow is always in the opposite part of the sky from the sun, a morning rainbow is always in the west; an afternoon rainbow is always in the east; at noon when the sun is high overhead,
  12. Your answer:
    the rainbow is directly overhead.
    a rainbow cannot be seen.
    the rainbow is brightest.
    the rainbow appeas more quickly.

  13. Economists use the term consumption to mean use of goods in satisfying human wants. The entire process of consumption may be a long one. The consumption of bread is a process that goes from farmer to miller to baker to grocer to family. The final stage in this long consumption process is
  14. Your answer:

  15. During World War II, letters sent to and from the United States, Great Britain, and Canada were microfilmed, then sent by plane to a receiving point abroad. There the microfilmed letters were printed and enlarged, and each letter was put into an addressed envelope and sent on its way just as any other letter would be. This mail service was adopted to save ship cargo space for important
  16. Your answer:
    official mail.
    incoming mail.
    war materials.

  17. Machines that can be operated by dropping a coin in a slot are called slot machines. Many telephones, music machines, automatic washing machines, and vending machines are slot machines. Some of the machines even make change. Some slot machines are for gambling, but most of them serve a useful purpose and are
  18. Your answer:
    out of order.

  19. All people in the United States should know the civil defense warning signals and what they mean. A long steady siren means attack alert, and everyone should tune their radios to 640 or 1240 kilocycles for instructions from Civil Defense authorities. An undulating siren, or short blasts of a horn, means attack, and people should take cover immediately. The most serious warning is the
  20. Your answer:
    Civil Defense instruction.
    undulating siren.
    continuous siren.
    radio warning.

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