Reading for Understanding Three #14B

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Every tribe of Native Americans had its own dances and ceremonies, which were carried out to obtain the blessings of its own gods or spirits. Large and small undertakings were preceded by rituals and sacrifices. These people were very
  2. Your answer:

  3. The distance between the rails of a railway track is called the gauge. About 60 percent of the world's railways are standard gauge, which is 1,435 meters. A few tracks have a narrower gauge. When you read the names on the cars of a long freight train, you are surprised how many different railways are represented. This would not be possible unless the cars were built for tracks of
  4. Your answer:
    wide gauge.
    standard gauge.
    narrow gauge.

  5. Vivisection is an operation on a living animal, especially for medical or physiological research. In practice, vivisection includes diet studies, drug studies, and other studies in addition to surgical ones. Some people object to vivisection because they think it is cruel, but others reply that through animal experiments scientists have learned to prevent, control, and cure many diseases. The debate seems to be between those whose greatest concern is the suffering of animals and those who are concerned mainly with
  6. Your answer:
    human health.
    advanced research.
    kindness to animals.
    veterinary medicine.

  7. The Domesday Book, containing the first official census of England, was made in 1085 and 1086 by the order of William the Conqueror. It consists of two large volumes listing all property owners and the amount of land they owned. Domesday means the same as Doomsday, or Day of Judgment. The name meant that the records in the Domesday Book could not be changed because they were
  8. Your answer:
    made by a Norman king.
    copies from previous tax listings.
    the final judgment.
    much too old.

  9. The vicuna, the smallest member of the camel family, lives in the high Andes of South America. Vicunas have never been plentiful. The ancient Incas of Peru protected vicunas and hunted them only once every four years. The vicunas have the finest fleece of all wool-producing animals. Cloth made from vicuna wool is expensive because it is
  10. Your answer:

  11. From 794 until 1868, Kyoto was the capital of Japan. Kyoto has many Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines filled with beautiful works of art and antique treasures. Kyoto is not as modern a city as Tokyo, which has been the capital since 1868. Tourists who are interested in ancient Japanese architecture, sculpture, and painting are not satisfied unless they visit
  12. Your answer:
    Mount Fujiyama.
    Japanese schools.

  13. The Great Salt Lake is four to seven times as salty as the ocean, depending on the level of the lake. It is so salty that a human body does not sink in its water. There are few forms of life in its waters although the lake contains a few specimens of water animals and
  14. Your answer:

  15. Any reporter will admit that it easier to tell what people are doing than what they are thinking. Actions can be observed directly, but thoughts must be communicated in
  16. Your answer:

  17. Ocean vessels carry animals from any part of the world to zoos in other parts of the world. Animal cargoes are usually carried on the decks rather than in the hold. The animals need the fresh air, and they can be better cared for
  18. Your answer:
    in protected places.
    on shore.
    by a special crew.
    in the open.

  19. The Latin word "cathedra" was the name of a bishop's chair. Thus, the word cathedra literally and properly means a church that contains the official seat or throne of a bishop. Even though a church is large and elaborate in design, it is incorrect to call it a cathedral unless it is the headquarters of
  20. Your answer:
    a bishop.
    a state church.
    an archbishop.
    a cardinal.

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