Reading for Understanding Three #12C

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In Greek legend, Phaeton was the son of Apollo, the sun god. Apollo once permitted Phaeton to drive the chariot of the sun across the sky. Because he came so close to the earth in some places, those parts of the earth were scorched and even the skins of the people were darkened. In other places, Phaeton drove too far from the earth, and those parts became
  2. Your answer:
    a frozen white mass.
    the temperate zone.
    a great ocean.
    a useless desert.

  3. Microfilming of records and file material results in great saving of space. The film is tiny, and the contents of an entire book can be put on a very short piece of film. A special film reader, makes it easy to enlarge the image of the film so that it can be read easily. Copies of rare books and manuscripts can be supplied on microfilm at a very low cost. The microfilming process not only saves space; it also saves
  4. Your answer:

  5. Damon was a Greek citizen whose friend Pythias was condemned to death by the ruler of his state. When Pythias asked to be allowed to visit his family and arrange his affairs, Damon took his place in jail and promised to die in his place if Pythias did not return. Pythias did return, and the ruler was so impressed by the willingness of each to die and save his friend that he pardoned both of them. Even to the present time the names of Damon and Pythias stand for
  6. Your answer:
    individual freedom.
    great strength.
    true friendship.
    Greek justice.

  7. Lapland is in the most northern part of Europe, above the Arctic circle. It is called Lapland because it is inhabited by the Lapps, a very sturdy Mongoloid race . Lapland spreads over parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. Lapland is not a country; it is simply a
  8. Your answer:
    polar waste.

  9. According to an ancient legend, the city of Athens was required to send fourteen boys and girls to Crete each year to be eaten by the Minotaur, a monster that was half human and half bull. Theseus, son of the king Aegeus, decided to go himself and try to kill the Minotaur. He told his father that if he were successful he would come home with white sails on his ship instead of the black ones with which he sailed from Athens. Theseus was successful in his attempts to kill the Minotaur, but he forgot to change the sails. When Aegeus saw the ship returning with the black sails, he killed himself because he thought that
  10. Your answer:
    the Cretans had imprisoned Theseus.
    the Minotaur had been slain.
    Theseus had lost the white sails.
    his son had been killed by the Minotaur.

  11. Frederick Douglass wrote to Harriet Tubman after the Civil War in the United States: "I have had the applause of the crowd and the satisfaction that comes of being approved by the multitude, while the most that you have done has been witnessed by a few trembling, scarred, and foot-sore bondsmen and women, whom you have led out of the house of bondage, and whose heartfelt 'God bless you' has been
  12. Your answer:
    our only applause."
    their last peril."
    your only reward."
    your sole devotion."

  13. In Japan, the making of samurai swords is a highly developed art. The swords are fashioned entirely by hand. Since no on would use an imperfect sword, there are no "seconds" among samurai swords. Each new sword is carefully tested by its maker; and if it fails to meet te required standard, it is
  14. Your answer:
    used by the swordmaker.
    given away.
    priced down.
    immediately destroyed.

  15. Lavoisier was an eighteenth century chemist in France. He was a member of a wealthy family and was a tax collector in the employ of the government. When the French revolutionist tried a number of government employees, the fact that Lavoisier was a scientist did not help him. The leaders of the mob insisted that France did not need scientists, and Lavoisier was
  16. Your answer:

  17. The papermaking process spread rather slowly in Europe, but by the fourteenth century paper had become common. The few books that were made in Europe before 1450 were written by hand. The printing press was invented in the fifteenth century, and the number of books printed by 1500 was over eight million. The tremendous increase in bookmaking, however, could not have taken place if paper had not been
  18. Your answer:

  19. As human civilization has progressed, many forms of animal life have been reduced in number, but the number of insects has been increasing. Insects have sometimes been called our rivals for controlling the earth because they have been so successful in the struggle for
  20. Your answer:

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