Reading for Understanding Three #12B

Thelma Thurstone --The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. A hurdy-gurdy is an old-fashioned boxlike instrument with strings inside it. A hand crank turns a cylinder with teeth that pluck the strings. The teeth are so arranged that the plucking results in a melody. To play a hurdy-gurdy requires
  2. Your answer:
    no musical training.
    a musical education.
    a band.
    a piano.

  3. The early round balloon was unsuitable for travel because it floated wherever the wind blew. The chief problem was a lack of an adequate device for regulating its
  4. Your answer:
    direction of flight.

  5. European explorers of the sixteenth century tried to find the Northwest Passage, a water route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, by way of the Arctic Ocean. For more than three hundred years, repeated efforts by explorers from different countries met with failure, and it was not until 1854 that an English explorer, Robert McClure, succeeded in discovering
  6. Your answer:
    the Northwest Passage.
    the Arctic Ocean.
    Arctic land.
    the North Pole.

  7. Young nobles in the Middle Ages had to complete a difficult training course successfully. At the elaborate ceremony celebrating the end of this training period, the new knights received their swords and spurs. Now we use the phrase "to earn your spurs" to mean that to obtain rank and respect it is necessary to
  8. Your answer:
    be at least eighteen.
    learn to ride in contests.
    earn them by hard work.
    obey the rules of chivalry.

  9. During a war, shortages of essential goods tend to make these goods very expensive. Governments try to control the market in such goods through a system of rationing at legal prices. This ensures that everyone receives a fair share. But often a system develops in which people sell to those who are willing to pay to get more than their share. Such a system is illegal and is called the black market. Buying and selling in the black market is considered
  10. Your answer:

  11. An internationally famous photographer who spent some time in China was also able to go to Cuba to get photographs of the effects of Communism there. In a magazine interview, she refused to be photographed, saying that she could not continue her work if the people on the street
  12. Your answer:
    took her picture.
    were Communists.
    saw her camera.
    recognized her.

  13. The ancient Egyptians preserved the bodies of the dead with great care. The preserved bodies ( mummies) of wealthy people were placed in elaborately decorated coffins. Many of these coffins have been recovered after thousands of years, and large museums have exhibits of these coffins and mummies. The Egyptians believed in a life after death and thought the dead would need their bodies in the next world. Burial practices tell us a great deal about peoples'
  14. Your answer:

  15. People used to believe that comets were mysterious events and that their occurrence and path could not be predicted. In 1682, a British astronomer named Edmund Halley noticed that the path of a comet he observed in that year was identical with the described paths that had been observed in 1456, 1531, and 1607. Halley predicted that the comet would appear again in 1759 and at fairly regular intervals after that. His prediction was verified. This comet is named Halley's Comet. Astronomers have been predicting the appearances of Halley's Comet since Halley's death, and each time they are confident that they will not be
  16. Your answer:

  17. The kangaroo has two fairly short front legs and two long, strong hind legs. When it sits down, it rests on its two hind legs and its large tail. The tail is very strong and assists the hind legs when the kangaroo jumps. People were amused when a young child watching the kangaroos at a zoo thought they had
  18. Your answer:
    a strong tail.
    three legs.
    sharp claws.
    five legs.

  19. The wolverine, a bad-tempered and rapacious animal of the northern latitudes, is very clumsy in the deep snows because of its short legs. During the long barren winters, its clumsiness makes it a poor competitor with the swift animals that are not hindered by the deep snows in their pursuit of scarce prey. It has been calculated that a wolverine is fortunate if it has two full meals a month. During the winter, it is always
  20. Your answer:

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