Reading for Understanding Three #100C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. People tend to be filled with awe for any art in which they are not adept. Distance from perfection tends to create towards that perfection an attitude of
  2. Your answer:

  3. A young student discussing success and a career with Dr. Samuel Johnson was advised to "know something about everything, and everything about something." This was sound advice in a day when communities were relatively isolated and news was diffused slowly. If we were to attempt to follow this advice in our modern life, we would be able to devote but little time to each object of study. Success today, in any field of endeavor, is the product of
  4. Your answer:

  5. In a perfectly constituted society, needed changes would be effected smoothly and quickly, but alteration would extend only as far as necessary at a given time. There would be a general policy of
  6. Your answer:

  7. A pleasing conversationalist takes care not to offend other people by being too brilliant. To be appreciated, one must give those listening a chance to make their contributions to the conversation. A smile in response to a monologue of wit is frequently a contortion of the mouth
  8. Your answer:
    followed by gales of laughter.
    which annoys the listener.
    without gladness of the heart.
    followed by complete enjoyment.

  9. Every pond and every forest is crowded with survivors from the past. The natural law of survival of the fittest does not necessarily mean that every species that fails to cope with changes in nature automatically becomes extinct after a certain period of time. For example, reptiles are definitely at the mercy of mammals and birds in the forest, yet reptiles are still fairly prevalent. Species that can better adapt to an environment come on the forest and pond scene, but very few of the older species become extinct. Changes in nature seem to follow more closely the rule of diversification than the rule of
  10. Your answer:
    variation of species.
    environmental conditioning.
    absolute replacement.
    struggle for survival.

  11. You may not agree with Balthasar Gracian, who wrote: "Some regard more the severity of the game than the winning of it, but to the world the discredit of the final failure does away with any recognition of the previous care. The victor need not explain; the world does not notice the details of the measures employed but only the good or ill result. You lose nothing if you
  12. Your answer:
    gain your end."
    refuse to try."
    explain to the world."
    enjoy the game."

  13. At one time in China, youths who had passed the examination for employment in a government department went to Peking to wait, often interminably, to occupy the positions for which they had been qualified. Frequently, their predecessors in office were young and vigorous; often, there were two or three applicants already waiting for a single vacancy. As one might imagine from this state of affairs, the population of Peking consisted in large part of
  14. Your answer:
    future officials.
    retired officials.
    minor bureaucrats.
    student examiners.

  15. In the early nineteenth century, Russian slaves were voicing a continuous protest against their condition. Serfdom had not inculcated timidity and resignation. The Russian intelligentsia, in supporting the claims of the serf for freedom and ownership, were effectively acting in accordance with their own professed ideals of humanitarianism and
  16. Your answer:

  17. Visions of the ideal life are always with us. The designers of the models invariably incorporate into their utopian schemes most of the features they feel to be lacking in the world in which they live. Undoubtedly, these visionary architects are motivated by a common feeling--
  18. Your answer:
    dissatisfaciton with the status quo.
    the possibility of their plans being realized.
    emulation of the best that has beeen experienced.
    desire for a life that glorifies the individual.

  19. Growth means an increase in the amount of living matter that constitutes an organism. We generally think of physical growth among members of the animal kingdom as gradually slowing down and eventually ceasing as the individual becomes older. Actually, though, many kinds of fish and reptiles continue to increase in size throughout their lifespan; this indicates that
  20. Your answer:
    most animals continue to grow indefinitely.
    maximum size is not universally limited among animals.
    future fish and reptiles may outstrip mammals.
    an increase in amount of living matter constitutes growth.

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