Reading for Understanding Three #100B

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  1. One who floats with the current, who is not guided according to higher principles, who has no ideal, no convictions--such a one is a mere article of the world's furniture--a thing moved, instead of a living and moving being--
  2. Your answer:
    an actor on life's stage.
    no more than a dumb beast.
    an echo, not a voice.
    a person without conscience.

  3. One cannot fail to notice in a nation the cyclic recurrence of material prosperity succeeded by self-righteous and pious concern for others. Guilt arising from the very fact of superfluous possession seems to beget
  4. Your answer:
    wanton irresponsibility.
    the reformatory urge.
    the desire for more wealth.
    growth of the professions.

  5. A point situated at a middle level will seem low to one who approaches it from above, and high to one who comes from below. Thus, quiescence of the mind is felt as painful after keen pleasure, and as pleasurable after the
  6. Your answer:
    middle level is attained.
    cessation of violent pain.
    commencement of pain.
    senses become completely adjusted.

  7. At the opening of the International Military Tribunal (sometimes called the War Trials), the lawyer justified the first trials of this nature claiming that the wrongs that the court was trying to condemn and punish were so malignant and so devastating that the civilized world could not tolerate their being ignored because it could not survive their
  8. Your answer:

  9. It may be said that one job creates another and that increased production brings about increased employment. But this is only true of productive employment. When the unemployed are put on a dole, the producers must supply their subsistence with no return. This does not increase purchasing power, for there occurs no increase in production. A dole merely divides up what is already in production and prevents
  10. Your answer:
    the exploitation of workers.
    unproductive employment.
    the normal increase in jobs.
    existence of parasitic individuals.

  11. At one time, it was thought that heat and cold were substances that could be combined in the proper proportions to make warmth and coolness. More recent discoveries indicate that a decrease in heat consists of a decrease in rate of molecular motion. Thus, heat and cold were erroneously assumed to be things, whereas they are actually
  12. Your answer:

  13. A young business is quite likely to take chances in its operations; in fact, only by taking risks and netting large gains will the business probably survive. When such a business becomes of age, however, it is more likely to take fewer chances, to be more sure of its investments and ventures. This does not indicate any loss of vitality on the part of big business, but merely the addition of the virtue of
  14. Your answer:

  15. May I try to tell you again where your only comfort lies? It is not in forgetting the happy past. People bring us well-meant but small consolation when they tell us what time will do to help our grief. We do not want to lose our grief because our grief is bound up with our love, and we could not cease to mourn without being robbed of
  16. Your answer:
    our affections.
    all memory.
    past grief.
    our loved ones.

  17. Air pressure is analogous to water pressure. A submarine rising from the ocean bottom is subjected to decreasing pressure as it approaches the surface. If a tube containing a column of mercury, the height of which varies with air pressure, is standing with its open end in a vessel filled with mercury, and if this apparatus is placed in a closed container, then as the air is pumped from the container the mercury in the tube will
  18. Your answer:
    break the tube.
    maintain its level.

  19. Pythagoras, an ancient Greek, discovered the true nature of the harmonic series by observing the vibration of a single taut string stretched over a resonator. When a movable bridge was placed at the string's midpoint, the string vibrated in two segments at twice the speed at which it vibrated without a bridge. When moved to a third of the string's length, the string would vibrate in three segments at three times the speed. This phenomenon was repeated with each successive position of the bridge. Thus, Pythagoras was able to express the pitch relationships of the harmonic series in terms of
  20. Your answer:
    musical notation.
    mathematical ratios.
    chemical formulas.
    string lengths.

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