Reading for Understanding Three #100A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Careful perusal of the Old Testament reveals that David's harp issued forth dirges of sorrow more often than carols of joy. Likewise, there is more detailed description of the afflictions of Job than of the
  2. Your answer:
    travels of Moses.
    sins of Jezebel.
    felicities of Solomon.
    geneaology of David.

  3. These people believe that the quality of plays, books, and paintings can be democratically decided by a vote. They seem to see a direct relationship between
  4. Your answer:
    art and politics.
    mediocrity and democracy.
    qualitiy and quantity of production.
    merit and popularity.

  5. If you delight in excluding from a particular category of conduct some action that by less rigorous criteria is a legitimate member, you are in danger of failing to recognize the rightful members of the class. Awareness of the hypocrisy underlying some kind acts may, unless you are wise, force you into the cynical belief that
  6. Your answer:
    hypocrisy is desirable.
    you can no longer generalize.
    you yourself are hypocritical.
    no true kindness exists.

  7. The Chinese philosopher Lao-tse taught his followers to believe in feng-shui, a mystical spirit connected with the land and giving continuity to the work of successive generations. The concept of feng-shui carries with it an admonition to the Chinese farmers that they are merely trustees of the soil that they till since it belongs not only to them but to all their ancestors and descendants. One practical outcome of this agrarian philosophy is the centuries-old Chinese practice of
  8. Your answer:
    rice cultivation.
    soil conservation.

  9. The selections presented in the volume were chosen because the editor believed them to be worth preserving. All had appeared years before in a weekly magazine; all had been enjoyed and appreciated at the time of their first publication. The authors of the selections had accepted the fact that most words are writ in water and do not, as the poet boasted, outlast the "eternal bronze," but the editor presents these essays again in the belief that, although now not remembered, they
  10. Your answer:
    are better than current writing.
    are a tribute to journalism.
    should be remembered.
    should be required reading.

  11. What we recall of the past is always being tinged with and altered by our immediately present circumstances, so that anyone's "memory" almost wholly consists of the process of continually
  12. Your answer:
    expressing the past.
    trying to forget the past.
    copying the past.
    varying the past.

  13. Before Einstein formulated the general theory of relativity, we had no concept of sufficient breadth on which to construct a model of the universe remotely resembling reality. In 1915, Einstein's mathematical synthesis and abstract generalizations created the possibility of constructing models of the cosmos that correspond to
  14. Your answer:
    the ideas of ancient and modern philosophers.
    our notions of the nature of matter.
    observable phenomena in the universe.
    mathematical equations and formulas.

  15. Biological differentiation is that procedure by which specific parts of a whole become different in form from the other parts. When the conditions of life within the organism are not balanced with those without, the repression of some processes and the ascendance of others take place. As this redistribution of function is accomplished,
  16. Your answer:
    the parts regain their former functions.
    the parts become more uniform.
    the organism becomes less adapted to its environment.
    diversity of structure results.

  17. Nothing is more gentle than smoke; nothing, more frightful. There is the smoke of peace and the smoke of villainy. The density and shade of smoke make all the difference between peace and war, between life and death. Smoke rising through the trees may signify the most charming thing in the world, the hearth; or the most terrible, a
  18. Your answer:
    fire drill.

  19. Governments are based on either consent or force. Whenever the majority opinion is one which, although the minority does not hold it, the minority feels should be put into effect because it is the expression of the majority, government is by true public opinion. When, however, the majority opinion is such that the minority would forcibly resist it if there were a chance of success, government is by force. Whenever the minority does not grant the right of the majority to decide issues, the minority submits only to greater strength, and obedience is the result of
  20. Your answer:
    good judgment on the part of the minority.
    consent, not of public opinion.
    compulsion, not of public opinion.
    the exemplification of public opinion.

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