Class Notes

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE VIRGINIA PLAN, THE NEW JERSEY PLAN AND THE GREAT COMPROMISE

 



ISSUE SOURCE OF LEGISLATIVE POWER

VIRGINIA PLAN

Derived from the people and based on popular representation

NEW JERSEY PLAN
Derived from the states and based on equal votes for each state

GREAT COMPROMISE

Mix, from the people for one house, from the states for the other.

LEGISLATIVE STRUCTURE

Bicameral

Unicameral

Bicameral; one house of equal representation, another based on population

EXECUTIVE

Size undetermined; elected and removable by Congress

More than one person; removable by majority

Single executive; removed by impeachment – state majority

JUDICIARY

Life tenure; able to veto legislation in council of revision

No power over states

Life tenure, judicial review ambiguous

STATE LAWS

Legislature can override

Government can compel obedience to national laws

National supremacy

RATIFICATION

By the people

By the states

Ratification conventions in each state, thus allowing both the people and the states to be involved